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Common Pathologies

Musculoskeletal System

Microscopic tears on the Achilles Tendon Achilles Tendonitis
S&S of Achilles Tendonitis Aching, Burning in the posterior heel, tenderness of tendon, thickening, weakness due to pain.
Treatment of Achilles Tendonitis RICE, NSAIDS, analgesics. Heel cord stretching exercises, use of appropriate footwear, eccentric training of the gastrocs and soleus
Adhesive fibrosis and scarring in shoulder joint Adhesive Capsulitis
S&S of Adhesive Capsulitis insidious onset of localized pain, stiffness, night pain, restricted ROM in a capsular pattern
Treatment of adhesive capsulitis Focus on increasing ROM exercises and palliative modalities
Also known as wry neck. Unilateral contracture of SCM. Most often identified in the first 2 months of life. Congenital Torticollis
S&S of Congenital Torticollis Lateral cervical flexion to same side of contracture, rotation toward opposite side and facial asymmetries
Treatment of Congenital Torticollis Emphasis on stretching, ROM, positioning and caregiver education
Excessive translation of humeral head on glenoid during active rotation Glenohumeral Instability
S&S of Glenohumeral Instability Subluxation or feeling the shoulder "pop" out and back in to place. Pain, paresthesis, positive apprehension test.
Impingement Syndrome
Created by: ptagirls