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WGU Foundations of Teaching

Horace Mann Father of American education; "Public education, in the form of tax-supported common (elementary) schools should be a right of all citizens."
John Joseph Hughes Fought for catholic students' rights to use their bible in schools and for taxpayer dollars for Catholic schools (both rejected by state of NY) = secularization of public schools.
Catherine Beecher "women, as mothers, serve a great purpose in maintaining the health of American democracy." = Education of girls should prepare them for this role.
Booker T. Washington Son of a slave and white father; advocated vocational ed. to help African Americans gain skills that would enable them to work their way up the social ladder and improve their economic status.
W.E.B. DuBois Northern Black; advocated focusing educational energies on the top "talented tenth" of the African American community. Helped establish the NAACP.
John Dewey Believed students' learning should be grounded in their experiences; helped establish the Pragmatic philosophy of education and the Progressive educational movement.
Ellwood Cubberly Envisioned an American state school. Created the hierarchical model of school administration used today.
Albert Shanker Leader in the Standards movement; "social promotion offers no incentives for students to excel"; led teacher strike in NY.
Linda Brown Thompson The "Brown" in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. Part of a class-action lawsuit brought by the NAACP in behalf of African American students denied enrollment in White schools.
Jose Angel Gutierrez Local school leader who worked to institute a curriculum that was more in line with the needs of the majority Latino student population in the 1960s.
Deborah Meier Leader in urban education reform = democratic schools with environments of caring and high standards raises inner-city school students' achievement; leader in Progressivism
E.D. Hirsch Jr. Founder of the Core Knowledge Foundation; author of the "What Your Child Needs to Know . . ." series; leader in the back-to-basics movement.
Mary Lyon Founded Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, the first U.S. institution of higher ed. for women.
Friedrich Frobel The Father of kindergarten
G. Stanley Hall Promoted testing students' intellectual abilities. Started APA and American Journalof Psychology. Studies helped begin Progressivism.
Benjamin Franklin Founded the Junto (studies targeting adult males); established the Academy in Philadelphia in 1751 (see Middle Colonies)
Josiah Holbrook Founded the Lyceum, education for adult males consisting of lectures and discussions.
James G. Carter Father of the American Normal School (teacher training college)
Justin Smith Morrill Morrill Act of 1862 which allows states to sell a specified amount of land and use the money to support colleges = encouraged the growth/maintenance of higher education.
George Counts Concerned with the impact that SES and culture have on students' ability to learn; leader in the Progressive movement. Wrote "The Principles of Eduacation" and "Dare the School Build a New Social Order"
Noah Webster Father of American Scholarship in Education
Benjamin Rush Founding father; believed the security of the republic lay in proper education.
Know Nothing Party Goal was to prevent Catholic schools from receiving state and tax-payer funding for schools and ensuring that only the Protestant bible was used in schools.
Bernard Bailyn The idea of "public education" was created by historians who were "educational missionaries."
Lloyd P. Jorgensen The fundamental assumption of the common school movement is "the public school would be an agent of moral/social redemption that resulted from nonsectarian religious instruction"; exposed evils associated with this movement.
Created by: gdglgrl