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Leach PSY chapter 13

QuestionAnswer
motive a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
need the bioligical or psychological requirements for the well-being of an organism
drives conditions of arousal or tension within an organism that motivate the organism
instincts complex, unlearned behaviors that are present throughout a species
homeostasis an internal balance or equilibrium that is achieved through adjustments of the nervous system
self-actualization according to Maslow, the self motivated striving to reach one's potential
obese a condition characterized by excessive body fat
stimulus motives desires for increased stimulation
sensory deprivation a state in which there is little or no sensory stimulation
achievement motivation the desire to persevere with work and to avoid distraction in order to reach personal goals
performance goals achievements motivated by a concrete, external reward
learning goals achievements that are motivated by the desire to enhance one's knowledge and skills
extrinsic rewards something external given in response to the attainment of a goal, such as good grades
intrinsic rewards internal rewards, such as self satisfaction, that are given in response to the attainment of a goal
cognitive consistency the state in which a person's thoughts and behaviors match his or her beliefs and the expectations of others
balance theory the view that people have a need to organize their perceptions, opinions, and beliefs in a manner that is in harmony with those of the people around them
imbalance a state in which people who have strong feelings about each other disagree on a major issue
nonbalance in balance theory, a condition in which people who dislike each other or have no feeling for each other feel indifferent if they disagree
cognitive-dissonance theory the theory that suggests that people make attitudinal changes to reduce the tension that occurs when their thoughts and attitudes are inconsistent with their actions
affiliation the desire to join with others and to be a part of something larger than oneself
emotions states of feeling that involve physical arousal, expressive behaviors, and conscious experience
opponent-process theory according to Solomon, the idea that an intense emotion often is followed by its opposite
Created by: CoachLeach