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# BAS Immune TERMS

QuestionAnswer
Adenoids lymph tissue behind the nose and at the roof of the mouth. Help protect against infection. Most are not functional after 3yrs of age.
AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Allergies Reaction to materials that are not disease causing. Immune system attempts to protect against, animal dander, metals, foods, plant pollen, dust, etc.
Antibody Third line of defense. WBC make antibody that attack pathogens.
Antigens Any organism or material that would stimulate an immune response.
B lymphocytes The B cell is responsible for making antibodies and memory cells.
Anatomic Barrier Skin, mucous membrasnes, intestinal tract
Biochemical Barrier sebaceous glands, tears, and sweat, tears
Mechanical barrier cough, sneeze, urination, skin exfoliation
Cancer Grow of abnormal cells that proliferate beyond the grow of normal tissue.
Complement Proteins in the blood that help destroy bacteria, and virus
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome CFS
Defense Protection against pathogens
Granulocyte White cell with granules. The granules help destroy engulfed bacteria
Helper T Cell The T cell has many types: T-helper : Alerts the body of infection T-Killer : Attacks pathogen directly T-Memory : Remembers the antigen
Homeostasis Maintaining a normal internal environment.
Immunoglobulin Medical work for antibody
Killer T cell The Killer T cell attacks antigens directly
Lupus Chronic autoimmune disease. Person's own white cells attack the body. Causes inflammation and may attack several organs.
Lymph nodes Small areas along the lymph vessels that contain lymphocytes and monocytes. They filter the blood. Anything foreign to the body is trapped.
lymphedema Enlargement and fluid within a lymphnode. In this case the lymphatic system is not returning the filtered plasma to the circulation.
lymphocytes White blood cells. They have no granules. These will become T or B cells during the immune response.
macrophages "large eater". This is a Monocyte in the tissues. They roam and engulf anything foreign to the body.
MHC major histocompatibility complex. These are genes that control the immune response. Mostly responsible for tissue rejection in transplants.
Memory T Cells Memory T cells remember the antigen invader so the body can respond quicker the second time around.
Natural Killer T Cells These are killer T cells.
Rheumatoid arthritis An autoimmune disease in which the body forms antibody complexes in the joints. This leads to deformation of the joint.
suppressor T cells This is the T cell that turns off the immune response.
Thymus Gland in the chest area between the lungs. This help mature T cells.
Tonsillectomy Removal of the tonsils
Thymoma A tumor on the thymus.
biopsy Tissue removal; such as a skin biopsy. The tissue is examined for abnormal cells.
remission The process in which symptoms of a disease such as cancer are reduced ro absent.
metastasis Spreading to another area such as a cancer tumor affecting the pancreas first and then the liver.
edema The retention of water is an area of the body that is damaged or infected.
stasis To hold back.
Created by: rjmtoss
 

 



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