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quiz 14

pht 101

QuestionAnswer
1 which drug (class) can cause impotency? all (ethanol, corticosteroids, haloperidol (Haldol), & opiods)
2 what drug treats syphilis and is the only one active against growing bacteria? penicillin G benzathine (Bicillin L A)
3 which drug may interact adversely with b.c. pills? all (erythromycin, carbamazepine, prednisolone, & clofibrate)
4 what hormone regulates the thyroid gland? thyroid stimulating hormone
5 what is/are potential adverse effects of corticosteroids? all (precipitation of peptic ulcer disease, hypertension, acne, hirsutism, redistribution of fat deposites, & osteoporosis)
6 what pituitary hormone(s) can regulate the sex hormones? follicle stimulating hormone & luteinizing hormone
7 what is the most common form of diabetes? type 2
8 what drug is recommended for chronic therapy in hypothyroid patients? levothyroxine (Levothroid, Levoxyl, Synthroid)
9 what drug is for hyperthyroid patients before surgery? a & b (propylthiouracil, PTU & methimazole (Tapazole)
10 which antibiotic is the drug of choice for syphilis? penicillin G benzathine (Bicillin L A)
11 which drug is for emergency contraception? levonorgestrel (Plan B)
12 what drug can cause impotency? alcohol
13 what cells form new bone? osteoblasts
14 whats another term for hyperthyroidism? thyrotoxicosis
15 what is/are the most serious effect(s) with b.c. pill use? cardiovascular complications
16 what is the major peptide in growth hormone? somatropin
17 which drug class decreases b.c. pill action? all (antifungal, anticonvulsant, & antibiotics)
18 which hormone isn't released by pituitary glands? thyroxine (T4)
19 whats another name for hormone thyroxine? T4
20 which drug that treats impotency doesn't inhibit the enzyme phosphodiesterase? alprostadil (Caverject, Edex, Muse)
21 what is a risk with HRT for 5+ yrs, also with women on progestin? breast cancer
22 which oral hypoglycemic agent interferes with carbohydrate metabolism & glucose absorption? acarbose (Precose)
23 which drug prevents bone loss by modulating estrogen receptors? raloxifene (Evista)
24 what is a potential use of progestins in women? all (birth control, uterine cancer prevention for postmenopausals on HRT, menstrual dysfunctions, & endometrial hyperplasia reduction)
25 what is the most commonly reported STD? gonorrhea
26 what is a severe complication from uncontrolled diabetes? all (retinopathy, neuropathy, & atherosclerosis of peripheral coronary & cerebrovascular vessels)
27 which drug that treats impotency acts via nitric oxide? all ( sildenafil (Viagra), vardenafil (Levitra), & tadalafil (Cialis))
28 which synthetic human growth hormone is recommended for children with short family members? None. Drugs can't change DNA.
29 which drug speeds healing of lower extremity diabetic ulcers? becaplermin gel (Regranex)
30 what steroid action relates to ability to regulate electrolyte & water balance? mineralocorticoid
31 which form of insulin has the most rapid onset and is shortest acting? insulin lispro (Humalog)
32 what is a hypothyroidism symptom? apathy & easy fatiguing
33 when patient has had thyroid surgically removed (for cancer treatment), whats the chronic therapy drug choice? levothyroxine (Levothroid, Synthroid)
34 which isn't a commonly used synthetic growth hormone? somastin (Tropophen)
35 what factor regulates glandular hormone synthesis? all (negative feedback mechanism both to the gland and involving the hypothalmic pituitary axis & autoregulation)
36 which drug for osteoporosis, has estrogen effects on lipids & bone but blocks other estrogen receptors? raloxifene (Evista)
37 which drug treats genital herpes? acyclovir (Zovirax)
38 which STD is caused by fungus? candidiasis
39 what term is growing breasts in men from androgen administration? gynecomastia
40 whats a danger in nicotine and estrogen use combos? increased blood clot risks
41 what is a symptom of hyperthyroidism? weight loss & flushed skin
42 which oral contraceptive can be injected monthly? estradoil cypionate-medroxyprogesterone (Lunelle)
43 during what period must one be treated to prevent permenant damage (like critnism) due to thyroid deficiency? within the 1st 6 to 12 mos. of life
44 which drug is a 2nd generation sulfonylurea and is supplied in micronized dosage forms? glyburide(DiaBeta, Glynase, Micronase)
45 what gland plays a key role in the endocrine system cause the hormones regulate other glands? pituitary
46 whats not an adverse effect of corticosteroids? hypotension from increased sodium excretion
47 how does the acarbose (Precose) lower blood sugar? delays hydrolysis of ingested complex carbs
48 which synthetic insulin is long acting? glargine (Lantus)
49 under what cicumstances may diabetics need high insulin doses? other medical conditions don't require higher than normal insulin doses
50 what is an important benefit of the combo drug prep conjugated estrogen medroxyprogesterone (Premphase, Prempo)? provides both HRT and prevents uterine cancer with 1 rx
51 what drug stimulates insulin release from pancreatic beta cells? repaglinide (Prandin)
52 what drug of choice is for lower extremity diabetic ulcers? becaplermin gel (Regranex)
53 how do estrogen & progesterone prevent ovulation? estrogen supresses luteinizing hormones, progesterone blocks follicle stimulating hormones
54 which isn't a symptom of hypoglycemia? lower extremity ulcers
55 which drug can cause hypoglycemia? ethanol
56 what large molecule is broken down by thyroid cells to make thyroid hormones? thyroxine
57 what drug(s) effectively treat type I diabetes? none (neither glimepride (Amaryl), acarbose (Precose), or pioglitazone (Actos))
58 what is a type of diabetes? all (type 1 & 2, gestational, and secondary)
Created by: cindya