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Axial / App Skelton

Axial Skelton and Appendiclar Skeleton

How many cervical vertebrae are there? 7 and C1 = Atlas and C2 = Axis
How many Thoracic Vertebrae are there? 12 including T1 - T12, they are larger than the cervical vertebrae and articulate with the ribs
How many Lumbar Vertebrae are there? 5 including L1 - L5, they are the largest bertebral bodies and support the weight of the upper body
The Sacrum is composed of? five fused bones
Where is the Sacrum located? On the posterior side of the pelvis
The Coccyx is also known as the? tailbone
Where is the Sternum located? anterior area of the chest where rib cage comes together with the collar bone
The ribcage is the home of the? diaphragm (that works with the intercostals to assist respiration) and lungs
What sits on the ribcage? Scapulae
The Clavicle and Femur are part of what skeleton Appendiclar
Functions of the Clavicle (collar bone) connects the scapula to the sternum and forms two joints - setrnoclavicular and acromioclavicular - helps to hold the shoulder in place during arm movement
Definition of the Subscapular fossa the anterior surface of the scapula
Definition of the Spine (appendiclar skeleton) the prominent edge of the posterior surface of the scapula
Definition of the Acromion Process joins with clavicle to form acromioclavicular joint
Definition of the Coracoid Process site of muscle attachment for shoulder joint
Definition of Glenoid Cavity oval hole on lateral scapula forming the glenohumeral joint
The Femur is? the longest/heaviest bone in the body.
How does the Femur form the hip joint? smooth rounded head articulates with acetabulum of the coxal bone
The Greater Trochanter is the? upper lateral process of the femur
The Lesser Trochanter is the? lower medial process of the femur. the distal end has medial and lateral condyles that articulate with lower leg.
The Patella - fits into a groove between the two condyles of the femur.
The Patellofemoral joint is where - the patella meets with the femur
The Tibiofemoral joint is where - the femur meets with the tibia
Misalignment of the patellofemoral and the tibiofemoral joints can cause chondromalacia or a soft/split on the posterior surface of the patella
The Tibia is the larger of two lower leg bones on the medial side - the proximal end articulates with the femur
The fibula is the thin, twisted bone on the lateral side, articulates with tibia but not femur and makes rounded bump of ankle
Created by: Nlockhart