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Joint Type

Joint Types

Moveable joint Synovial / Diarthroidal
Non-moveable Joint joined by fibrous connective tissue or cartilage
Synovial joint freely moveable joint containing a fluid-filled cavity between the bones
Ball and socket joint one bone has a ball - the other has a "cave" for the ball - movement in all directions - ex. shoulder or hip
Hinge joint one convex surface meets a concave surface - movement in one plane - flexion and extension - ex. elbow or knee
Pivot joint a process when one bone fits into a ring structure on another - rotational movement - where the atlas meets the axis
Sliding / Gliding joint both surfaces are essentially flat - limited movement - ex. rib/vertebrae or scapula/clavicle
Condyloid joint oval shaped process of one bone fits into the elliptical cavity of another - movement in two planes - flexion/extension and abduction/adduction - ex. wrist or atlas/occiput
Saddle joint both surfaces are saddle-shaped - movement in two planes - ex. thumb joint
Created by: Nlockhart