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NIC Written guide

Random Vocab

REPETITIVE MOTION DISORDERS, REPETITIVE STRAIN INJURY a general term for several conditions that can result from using a set of muscles repeatedly or incorrectly, especially resulting from repetitive movements of the hands and arms; repetitive motion disorders are potential job hazards for sign language inte
Pathology of Deafness Pathology (in general) is the study of disease. Deaf people don't consider themselves to have a disease or problem.
Accessibility modifications to building design, program delivery, or forms of communicatin which will allow Deaf and disabled individuals to gain access to services provided by an institution or agency.
Auditory feedback loop the channel through which hearing people hear (and monitor) their own voice as they speak.
Bilingual-Bicultural education (bi-bi) an approach which stresses ASL as the instructional language for all subjects except English, with an ultimate goal of developing competency in both English and ASL; students study ASL, Deaf culture, Deaf heritage/history, and Deaf studies.
Cloze skills the ability to mentally fill-in-the-blanks when part of an utterance is obscured or when the receiver does not understand a term or phrase (closure).
Communication dynamics the way people in a communication interaction react to or engage with one another and to the overall interaction.
Critical thinking skills the ability to break the whole into its parts, to examine in detail, to look more deeply into a text and determine its nature by engaging in disciplined reasoning, inferring and deducing in order to extract the message carried "below the words/signs" or '
Discourse style the way a language requires that information be presented in a monologue or dialogue.
Dynamic equivalence in an interpreted event, maintaining the "chemistry" between a speaker and her/his audience that allows a connection to be made and the speaker's goals to be accomplished.
Empowerment of the client behaving in a way that supports another's right to make decisions within an interpersonal interaction by vesting control in the hands of consumers rather than solely in the hands of the interpreter; avoiding the imposition of one's own opinions, advice, s
Environmental factors phenomena in the area surrounding communication that can affect the interaction, including lights, extraneous auditory or visual noise, distance from the interpreter to the speaker, distance from the interpreter to the audience, etc.
External noise actual, physical factors that interfere with communication; includes flickering of an overhead florescent light, the squeal of a poorly connected microphone, or the incessant coughing of someone in the room.
Lineage of Deaf children 90% of all deaf children are born to hearing families who have no deafness in their immediate or extended families; this rate is higher among African Americans where the rate of hereditary deafness is lower.
Paralinguistic elements elements that accompany and add meaning to the expression of language; includes such things as gestures, tone of voice/size of signs, visual/vocal affect, etc.
Physiological noise biological factors that interfere with communication; i.e. illness, exhaustion, hunger.
Pragmatic use of language the way a language is actually used rather than language function; helps us make sense of the language we encounter in our interactions with others and determine the meaning of the utterance within the given context.
Process models of interpretation attempts to graphically demonstrate the complex mental activities, decisions made and the factors influencing an interpretation; some models are based on formal research and others have been developed by long-time practitioners based on reflection and int
Psychological noise ealities that exist in the heads of all participants in the communication environment and distract from or interferes with the communication; includes things like internal stress, personal judgements about the other participants, and random thoughts that
Created by: Signer9308
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