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NIC Written Guide

How we approach our work

Helper Philosophy views Deaf people as handicapped, limited, unable to fully manage their personal and business affairs; believes that Deaf people are mentally, emotionally, or experientially incapable of fully understanding the world around them; views the interpreter as
Machine (Conduit) Philosophy a set of beliefs regarding Deaf individuals, ASL, and communication dynamics which influence the way a person views her/his role and work as an interpreter; includes a belief of Deaf people as handicapped and needing to learn how to take care of themselve
Communication Facilitatopm Philosophy set of beliefs regarding Deaf individuals, ASL and communication dynamics that influences the way a person views her/his role and work as an interpreter; includes a belief of Deaf people as handicapped, ASL as a means of communicating only with less edu
Bilingual Bicultural Philosophy a philosophy of interpreting based on the belief that effective interpretation requires cultural and linguistic mediation in order to accomplish speaker goals and maintain dynamic equivalence; based on the recognition of Deaf people as members of an oppre
Cultural and Linguistic mediation interpreting in such a way that information has equivalent meaning and impact for individuals with different languages and cultural schema; requires an interpreter to make cultural and liguistic expansions and reductions.
Cultural expansion providing the contextual information required to make sense out of something that is signed or said to someone without the requisite schema or experiential frame.
Cultural reduction reducing the volume and sometimes the detail of information within an interpretation without affecting the meaning intended; done to meet communication and cultural norms of the target language.
Created by: Signer9308