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NIC written guide

The importance of communication

Contextual enviornment The physical locationwhere the interaction is taking place and the personal history each participant brings to the event.
Equivocal language the deliberate use of words, signs or phrases that can be interpreted in more than one way in order to mislead someone. "It's really different!"
Euphemistic language the use of socially acceptable terms and phrases in place of blunt, descriptive ones. "Has gone to a better place."
Abstract Language degrees of imprecision in communication. The less specific something is the more abstract it is. i.e. "weapon"
Passive voice a statement in which the person or thing performing the action is not overtly stated. "The president was shot."
Communication takes place between two or more people who sometimes share cultural, experiental and linguisic backgrounds, or sometimes they have nothing in common.
Powerless speech Ex. Hedges, hesitations, intensifiers, polite forms, tag questions and diclaimers.
Responsible language the speaker takes responsibility for her/his statements, beliefs and feelings.
Linguistic Registers Determines the formality in a message. Frozen, formal, consultative, informal and intimate.
Frozen No turn taking. Sentence structure is complex, sometimes archaic. Vocabulary is formal and archaic. Volume or speed is large; slower than normal speed. The topics allowed are limited.
Formal Turn taking is limited or controlled. Sentence structure is complex and compound. Vocabulary is formal. Volume and speed is large; slower than normal speed and topics allowed are impersonal.
Consultative Turn taking is restrained by active. Sentence structure is fully formed. Vocabulary is technical jargon. Volume and speed are at a conversational speed and signing space. Topics allowed are professional.
Informal or Casual Turn taking is fluid and interruptions are allowed. Semtence structure are fragments with some run on sentences. Vocabulary is informal. Volume and speed are in a relaxed signing space; faster than conversational. Topics allowed are personal.
Intimate Turn taking, interruption is common. Sentence structure is incomplete. Vocabulary is some lexicon has personal meanings. Volume and speed are small, truncated; sometimes words or signs are not required. Topics allowed are personal.
Created by: Signer9308
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