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Southwest Asia Unit7


Mecca the holiest city of Islam, located in Saudi Arabia, where people make pilgrames to fufill islamic religious duty.
Islam A monotheistic religion based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammed, and the biggest cultural and religious influence in North America.
Muhammad the founder and a prophet of Islam, who lived part of his life in the city of mecca.
Mosque an Islamic place of worship, where Muslims pray facing toward the holy city of Mecca.
Theocratic A form of government where religious leaders are in control.
OPEC Orginization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, a group established in 1960 to consider selling policies.
Western Wall For Jews, it is considered the holiest place in Jerusalam.
Dome of the Rock A shrine in Jerusalem, located in the Temple Mount.
Zionism a movement that began in the 19th century to create a support the jewish homeland Palestine.
Palestine Liberation Organization A group formed in the 1960's to regain the Arab land in Israel for Palestinian Arabs.
Kurds an ethnic group in Southwestern Asia that has occupied kurdistan, who have been involved in clashes with 3 countries over land claims.
Mesopotamia a religion in Southwest Asia between the Tigris and the Euphates rivers, which was the location of some of the earliest civilizations.
Sunni One of the two main branches of Islam, comprising abount 83% of Muslims, including in Turkey, Iraq, and Afghanistan.
Shi'ite One of the Two main branches of Islam including most Iranians and some populations of Iraq and Afghanistan.
Taliban A strict muslim group in Afghanistan that has imposed rigid rules on society.
Guest Workers A largely unskilled labor, often an immigrant from south or east asia, brought to oil booming countries to fill in jobs.
Stateless Nation a nation of people that does not have a territory legally occupied, like the Palestinians, Kurds, and Basques.
Palestinians a displaced group of arabs who lived or still live in the area formally called Palestine.
West Bank in israel, a strip of land on the west side of Jordan river, originally controlled by Jordan, which is part of the land set aside for Arab Palestinians.
Gaza Strip A territory along the mediterranean sea just northeast of the Sinai Peninsula.
Strategic Commodity a resource so important the nations will go to war to ensure steady supply.
Human Recources the skills and talents of employed people.
Golan Heights a hilly plateau overlooking the Jordan River and the Sea of Galilee; a strategic location where many conflicts have occured.
Wadi a riverbed that remains dry except during the rainy season.
Tigris River one of the most important rivers of Southwest Asia; supported several ancient civilizations.
Euphrates River a river in southwest Asia; which supported several ancient civilizations through Turkey.
Jordan River a river that serves as a natural boundry between Israel and Jordan.
Dead Sea a landlocked salt lake between Israel and Jordan; that is so salty almost nothing that can live in its waters; it is 1349 ft below sea level.
Rub al-Khali also known as the Empty Quarter; one of the largest sandy deserts in the world, covering about 250,000 square miles.
Oasis a place where water from an aquifer has reached the surface, it supports vegetation and wildlife.
Salt Flat flat land made of chemical salts that remain after winds evapourate the mousture in the soil.
Drip Irrigation the practice of using small pipes that slowly drip water just above ground to preserve water for crops.
Desalinization the removal of slat from the ocean.
Fosssil Water water pumped from underground aquifers.
Crude Oil petroluem that has not been refined yet.
Refinery a place where crude oil is produced into something useful.
Created by: Sampson Pro