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1.14 Chemicals!

Excipients and stuff

QuestionAnswer
Petrolatum, Yellow Petroleum, Petroleum Jelly (Vaseline) Hydrocarbon Base
White Petroleum (White Vaseline) Hydrocarbon Base (Decolorized Petrolatum)
Yellow Ointment (Simple Ointment) Hydrocarbon Base (95% petrolatum, 5% beeswax)
White Ointment Hydrocarbon Base (White wax and White Petrolatum)
Anhydrous Lanolin (WOOL FAT) Absorption Base
Hydrophilic Petrolatum (AQUAPHOR) Absorption Base
Lanolin Absorption Base (Already w/o emulsion)
Cold Creams Absorption Base (Already w/o emulsion)
Hydrophilic Ointment Water Removable Bases (o/w emulsion) *3 Phases: Oil, Water, Emulsifier
PEG Ointment Water Soluble Base *aka "Greaseless"; 40% PEG3350, 60% PEG400
Vanishing Cream Large % of Water and Stearic Acid (or derivative
Acacia, Xanthan Natural Gum Gels
Carbomers Gelling Agent
MC, CMC, HPMC Cellulose Derivative Gels, Viscosity Inducing Agent
Poloxamers Gelling Agent
Mannitol Diluent, Flavoring/Sweetning Agent
Lactose Diluent, Flavoring/Sweetning Agent
Sucrose Diluent, Flavoring/Sweetning Agent
Calcium Sulfate Diluent
Microcrystalline Cellulose Gel Derivative, Diluent, Binder
Dicalcium Phosphate + Lactose Diluent
Citric Acid Effervescent Salt
Tartaric Acid Effervescent Salt
Sodium Bicarbonate Effervescent Salt
Starch Paste, Gelatin Solution, Glucose Solution Binder
Ethylcellulose Binder *Insoluble in water but binds in alcohol; for moisture sensitive drugs
Talc Lubricant, Glidant
Magnesium Stearate Lubricant, Powder Glidant
Calcium Stearate Lubricant, Powder Glidant
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) Lubricant, Surfactant, Surfactant Dentifrice Powder
COLLOIDAL SILICON DIOXIDE Glidant (Most Common)
Starches Disintegrant, Glidant, Absorbent Diluent (in powder form), Binder (in liquid form),
Cellulose Disintegrants
Algins Disintegrants
Gums Disintegrants
Cross-Linked Polymers Disintegrants
CORN STARCH POWDER Disintegrants (Most Common)
Croscarmelose Super Disintegrant
Crospovidone Super Disintegrant
Sodium Starch Glycolate (Explotab) Super Disintegrant
Aspartame (Searle) Sweetening/Flavoring Agent
FD&C Red No. 3 Coloring Agent
FD&C Yellow No. 5 Coloring Agent
FD&C Blue No. 1 Coloring Agent
Alcohol-Acetone Mix Solvent System
HPMC Film Former, Capsule Component
PEG Alloying Substance
Glycerin, Propylene Glycol, Castor Oil, Sorbitol Plasticizer
Polyoxyethylene sorbitan derivatives (Spans and Tweens) Surfactant
Titanium Dioxide Opacifier
Carnauba Wax or Beeswax Glossant
Iron Oxide Opacifier, Capsule Colorant
AQUACOAT Aqueous Solvent *High Solid content, less water used in coating, low viscosity
CAP Enteric Coating Film
PVAP Enteric Coating Film
Parabens (Methyl and Propyl) Preservative, Antimicrobial Douche Powder
Glycerin, Propylene Glycol, Mineral Oil Levigating Agent
Metamucil Laxative Oral Bulk Powder
CaCo3, MgCo3 Abrasive Dentifrice Powder
Boric Acid Antimicrobial Douche Powder
Ammonium Aluminum Sulfate Astringent Douche Powder
Magnesium Carbonate Absorbent Diluent
Kaolin Absorbent Diluent
85% Sugar Solution Preservative
Alcohol Preservative, Cosolvent, Wetting Agent, Surfactant
Benzoic Acid, Sodium Benzoate, Sorbic Acid Preservative
Quarternary Ammonium Compounds (Benzalkonium Chloride) Preservative
Sucrose, Aspartame, Saccharin, Sorbitol, Corn Syrup Sweetners
Methylsalicylate, Peppermint, Cherry, Vanilla Flavorant
CitrATES, CarbonATES, PhosphATES, LactATES Buffers
Natural gums: acacia, xanthan, pectin, locust bean gum Viscosity Inducing Agent
Surfactants, Hydrophilic Colloids (acacia, tragacanth), Finely Divided Solid Particles (colloidal silicon dioxide, bentonite) Emulsifying Agent
Soap Anionic Surfactant
Sulfated Compounds Anionic Surfactant
Alkylamine Derivative Cationic Surfactant
Sorbitan Esters (Spans), Polysorbates (Tweens), Poloxamers Nonionic Surfactant
Lecithin Amphoteric Surfactant
Created by: 23704589