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Chp 11 m and e

emotion

QuestionAnswer
emotions a transitory positive or negative experiences that is felt as a happening to the self, is generated in part by cognitive appraisal of a situation, and is accompanied by both learned and reflexive physical responses
expressive displays a smile or a frown - communicate feelings to other
physiological changes changes in heart rate- biological adjustments needed to perform the action tendencies generated by emotional experiences
limbic system emotions, second to oldest brain
amygadala constantly scanning for danger and creates anxiety
amygdala 2 plays a critical role in the ability to learn emotional associations, recognizing emotional expressions, and percieving emotionally charged words
pyramidal motor system a brain system that includes the motor cortex
extrapyramidal motore system depends on the areas beneth the cortex
right/left hemisphere dichotomy
autonomic nervous system involuntary
sympathetic nervous system the subsystem of the autonomic nerous system that usually prepares the organism for vigorous activity
sympathetic nervous system 2 arousal system
parasympathetic nervous system the subsystem of the autonomic nervous system that typically influences activity related to the protection, nourishment, and growth of the body
parasympathetic nervouse systen 2 calming system
James-Lange theory of emotion emotions are created by awareness of specific patterns of peripheral (autonomic) responses
fight-or-flight syndrome the physical reactions initiated by the sympathetic nervous system that prepares the body to fight or to run from the threating situation
fight-or-flight syndrome 2 increase in heart rate and blood pressure, rapid or irregular breathing, dilated pupils, perspiration, dry mouth, increses blood sugar, goose bumps, and other changes that prepare hte body to combat or run from the fear
facial feedback theory maintains that invoulintary facial movements provide enough peripheral information to create emotional experence
James-Lange theory of emotion example anger is associated with increased blood flow in the hands and feet ; fear is associated with a decreased blood flow in these areas
Cannon-Bard theory of emotion the brain generates direct experiences of emotion
Cannon-Bard theory of emotion paste stimulation of certain brain areas can create pleasant or unpleasant emotions
Duchenne Smile a natural smile
Duchenne Smile 2 there is a muscular activity around the eyes causing skin to wrinkle; corner of lips pull up
Duchenne Smile 3 people with a natural smile report more positive emotion
polygraph detecable machine that can determine the specific patterns of physiological activity accompanying axietey or guilt when lying
transfer of excitation
an emotion culture rules that govern what emotions are appricated in what circumstances and what emotional expressions are allowed
an emotion culture 2 rules can very between genders and from culture
an emotion culture example TV news cameras show that men in the US military leaving for duty in Iraq tend to keep their emotions in check as they said goodbye to a wife, girlfriend, and parents.
an emotion culture example 2 In Italy- where mother son ties are particularly strong- many male soldiers wailed with dismay and wept openly as they left
social referencing process of letting another person emotional state guide our own behavior
Created by: jksboom