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Medical Terminology

Med Term Final

Arthrocentesis surgical puncture of a joint
Arthroplasty surgical repair of a joint
Laminectomy surgical removal of the posterior arch of a vertebra
Myelocele herniation of the spinal cord
Osteogensis development and formation of bone
Osteomalcia softening of the bones
Osteosclerosis abnormal hardening of the bone or bone marrow
Osteotomy incision of a bone
radiologist physician specializing in the use of radiant energy for diagnostic & therapeutic purposes
spondylolisthesis forward dislocation of one vertebra over another
pneumocentesis surgical puncture of the lung used to remove fluid
pneumonectomy excision of a lung
tracheotomy incision of the trachea
bronchiectasis dilation of a bronchus or bronchi
bronchoscopy a visual examination of the bronchus
dyspnea painful or difficult breathing
apnea without breathing
cyanosis skin has a blue color due to lack of oxygen
pharyngocele hearnia/swelling of the throat/pharynx
epistaxis nose bleed
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
angiography process of recording blood vessels
aortostenosis narrowing of the aorta
arteriosclerosis abnormal condition of artery hardening
cardiomegaly enlarged heart
phlebitis inflammation of a vein
tachycardia rapid heart rate
pericarditis inflammation around the heart
bradycardia slow heart rate
bradypnea slow breathing
thrombectomy surgical excision of a blood clot
hemorrhage loss of large amts of blood in a short period of time
angioplasty surgical repair of a vessel
ischemia inadequate supply of oxengitated blood
syncopy fainting
gastroscopy visual exam of the stomach
gastritis inflammation of the lining of the stomach
gastrectomy surgical removal of all or part of the stomach
esophagoplasty surgical repair of a defect in the wall of the esophagus
gastrotomy incision into the stomach
dysphagia difficulty swallowing
ileostomy surgical opening of the wall into the 3rd section of the colon
appendectomy removal of the appendix
colostomy surgical procedure used to create an opening into the colon
rectocele hernial protrusion of part of the rectum
enteritis inflammation of the intestine, especially the small intestine
hepatomegaly enlargement of the liver
ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
necrosis tissue death
cystoscopy visual exam of the bladder
urethrocele hernial protrusion of the urethra
dialysis procedure that performs many of the normal duties of the kidneys with a machine
lithotripsy crushing of a stone or callus
nephrectomy surgical removal of a kidney
nephrolithotomy removal of a kidney stone
edema swelling caused by fluid
cystorrhaphy suturing in the bladder
RP-recrogradepyelography radiograph after contrast is injected into the bladder
erythrocyte red blood cell
leukocyte white blood cell
hematuria blood in the urine
anuria absence of urine formation
Created by: erikasmith28