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GCSE 1. Settlement

Detached House A house which is not attached to any other houses. Usually in suburbs
Outer Suburbs A newer residential area on the edge of a city, usually lower density and more expensive
Land-use zone An area of land which has the same type of land use
Inner suburbs An older residential area, between the inner city and outer suburbs (usually 1920s/30s)
Retail zones Areas in settlements planned for shopping
Recreational zones Areas of a settlement for leisure - eg Exe Valley parks
Commercial zone Business area - eg banking and offices
CBD Central Business District - an urban zone located in a city (or town) centre, dominatede by shops and offices
Park & Ride Facility providing car parking outside a city and bus transport into the city centre
Terraced houses Houses which are attached to other houses on both sides. Usually Victorian, inner city
Ring Roads, Bypasses Roads which take traffic around a city, preventing congestion
Inner city A mixed zone of older housing and traditional industry, just outside the centre of a city (Often terraces and tenements, and may have suffered from urban decay, probably now being refenerated so is in 'transition'.
Sink Estate A housing area with a poor reputation for living conditions
Conservation areas Parts of the townj with historic buildings that are protected
Land Use Different ways the land is used: eg industry, recreation, retailing and residential
Urban regeneration The knocking down or improvement of old buildings in an urban area and the building of new ones to improve quality of life
Conurbation A large urban area formed when cities and towns merge as they grown towards each other (eg West Midlands)
Waterfront sites Old city dockland and canal areas which are now desirable places to live
Gentrification Movement of wealthy people into an area of former urban decay. Environment improves.
Social housing Housing provided by the council, now often in partnership with Housing Associations
Brownfield site Land on which there has already been building
Public enquiry A public meeting held to reach descisions about difficulyt planning proposals (eg new housing at Alphington)
Eco homes Homes designed in ways that conserve resources and energy
Eco towns Towns designed to be sustainable and do not cause environmental problems
Greenfield site Land which has never been built on
Rapid Transit System Public trains ot trams with short waiting times and regular stops
Planning permission All changes to land use must be approved by a local council
Hierarchy An arrangement in order - with one at the top and increasing numbers in lower levels
Catchment area Also called 'Sphere of influence' or 'hinterland', it is the area served by a particular settlemengt, school, hospital or any other service
Consumer goods Expensive goods and services which are not bought very often
Shopping Mall An undercover area with a variety of shops
Convenience Goods Goods or services which are low cost and bought frequently by people living nearby
Range of a good Maximum distance a person is willing to travel to purchase a particular goods item
Threshold population Minimum number of people needed to support a good or service
Out of town shopping centre A large shopping centre built outside the suburbs (eg Cribbs Causeway)
Internet shopping Shopping on websites
Bulk Buying Buying lots of products at once, made possible by the car and freezers
New Town An urban settlement which is planned by the government; one method of helping slum problems after World War Two, now to provide new housing (eg Cranbrook).
Dormitory village Also called a commuter village. A village or small town where many residents travel to work elsewhere.
Green Belt An area of land around a town or city where building is restricted by planners
Rural-urban fringe Area where a town or city merges into the countryside
Commuter Person who travels to work every day by car or public transport
Urban sprawl The rapid, poorly planned expansion of towns and cities into the countryside (also called urban growth)
Counterurbanisation The migration of people from the cities to the countryside
Decentralisation The movement of businesses out of cities, especially London, to the rural areas (eg Met Office to Exeter)
Rural depopulation The movement of people away from villages as village schools and shops shut. THe elderly cannot sustain services, and young people move to find jobs.
New Communities A recent name for planned New Towns. Aimed to prevent overcrwoding in existing settlements, these towns should be able to sustain all services (eg Cranbrook)
Created by: Rayrayy



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