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Chapter 21

Chapter 21-Drugs That Affect the CNS

GenericBrand NameTypeRoute(S)UsesSide Effects
amphetamine salts Adderall Stimulant Oral Treatment of ADHD & narcolepsy Heart palpitations, restlessness, dizziness, insomnia, anorexia, & weight loss
dextroamphetamine sulfate Dexedrine Stimulant Oral May be used instead of amphetamine because of its increased potency permits the use of lower dosage Similar to amphetamine
doxapram hcl Dopram Stimulant Oral Respiratory stimulant HTN, tachycardia, & seizures
methylphenidate hcl Ritalin Stimulant Oral Tx of ADHD, ADD, & other sydromes. Occasionally used in the Tx of narcolepsy & mild depressive states. Nervousness, headache, & insomnia
methylphenidate hcl, extended-release tab Concerta Stimulant Oral Extended release form of methylphenidate eliminating the need of for a mid-day dose Similar to methylphenidate
pemoline Cylert Stimulant Oral Tx of ADD, & ADHD. Has a gradual onset of action (blank)
atomoxetine hcl Strattera Stimulant Oral Tx of ADD, & ADHD. Growth should be monitored in children taking this agent ↑ blood pressure & heart rate, & abdominal pain
phenobarbital Luminal Barbiturates (Depressant) Oral, IM, IV To control certain types of seizure problems (e.g., grand mal and partial seizures) Dizziness, sleepiness, drowsiness, tiredness, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, or staggering walk/clumsiness may occur when you first start taking the medication
pentobarbital Nembutal Barbiturates (Depressant) Oral Is used for seizure disorders. It is also used as a short-term sleep aid (for insomnia), and for tension relief (e.g., before a medical procedure) Drowsiness and dizziness. Other side effects may include stomach upset, headache, weakness, grogginess or dreaming
secobarbital Seconal Barbiturates (Depressant) Oral To treat sleeping problems (insomnia). It may also be used to calm you just before surgery Unwanted sleepiness and trouble waking up in the morning may occur
butabarbital Butisol Barbiturates (Depressant) Oral To treat sleeping problems (insomnia). It may also be used to help calm you during periods of anxiety or before surgery Unwanted sleepiness and trouble waking up in the morning may occur
Created by: jrabena