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Patient Care Term

Patient care terminology

Myo, musculo muscles
myelo spinal cord
entero small intestine
enteritis inflammation of small intestine
enterocolitis inflammation of small and large intestine
gastro stomach
gastroenteritis aka stomach flu
gyneco female
-ptosis drooping
ankylo stiff joint
acou- hear
EAM external acoustic meatus
acr / o extremity
acromegaly enlarged extremities
hidr / o sweat
hyperhidrosis sweating too much
hydr / o water
hydrated watered
dehydrated insufficient water
cry / o cold
cyrogenics freezing cold material
gluc / o, glyc / o sugar
psych / o mind
psychology study of the mind
rrhaphy suture
heriorrhaphy surgical repair, suturing of a hernia
gastrorrhaphy suturing of the stomach
resection removal of some or part of
anastomosis joining together 2 organs (usually hollow)
malacia softening
rickets bowed legs (vitamin D deficiency)
Benadryl diphendydramine hydrochloride
cortisone anti-inflammatory, steroid drug
anticoagulant inhibits the clotting mechanism of the blood; e.g. heparin, coumadin
respiratory distress partially obstructed airway: conscious
respiratory arrest unconscious patient
seizures petit mal-momentary loss of conscious; grand mal- violent tremor
shock critical condition brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow through the body
Cause of shock hypovolemia, cardiogenic shock,anaphylactic shock, septic shock, neurogenic shock
hypovolemia low blood volume from trauma, loss of fluid, dehydration, severe diarreha, excessive vomiting, syncope
septic shock severe infection
neurogenic shock damage to the nervous system
cardiogenic shock not enough output of blood by the heart
anaphylactic shock severe allergic reaction
sign and symptoms of shock low BP(hypertension),overbreathing(hyperventilation),weak rapid pulse,cold clammy grayish-bluish, decreased urine flow, mental changes
CVA cerebrovascular accident - stroke
GERD castroesophageal reflux disease- heart burn
parenterally as by intermuscular or intravenous injection
extravasation refers to the leakage of a fluid out of its container
water-soluble contrast mixes readily with blood and other body fluids
higher concentration of iodine provide more positive radiographic contrast(white);greater viscosity,greater osmolarity;but greater toxicity
osmolarity number of particles in solution per kg of water;higher osmolarity = higher risk of reactions
viscoscity measure of the resistance of fluid to flow
orally or enterally into the alimentary canal
naogastric tube tube in the nose
gastrostomy tube tube that goes through skin into stomach
intrathecally into the fluid filled space between the thin layers of tissue that cover the brain and spinal cord
intravenously urography studies e.g. excretory urography (IVU)
intra-arterially arteriography studies
PICC line peripherally inserted central catheter
port-a-cath self sealing port placed under the skin
NG tube nasogastric tube inserted in the nose to the stomach
PEG tube percutaneous edoscopic gastrostomy - feeding tube
ET tube endotracheal tube inserted in the mouth and to the bifurcation of the trachea
resposibilities of radiographer checking allergic history of patients; preparing medication for administration,verifying patient identification,assisting physician,monitoring patient after medication has been given
five rights of medication administration right patient,right medicationright dose,right time,right route
enteral routes sublingually,rectal route,nasogastric tube,PEG tube,oral route,
enteral soutes pertaining to the intestines
sublingually drugs placed under the tongue or inside the cheek
rectal route medications absobed directly through rectal mucosa;syppositories and enemas
oral route by mouth e.g. tablets,capsules,granules,liquids
tropical route application of medication to the surface of the skin or transdermally
transdermal medication applied to skin and are absorbed through the skin into the bloodstream
parenteral injections medications that are injected directly int the body
intradermal between the layers of the skin
subcutaneous (sub Q) under the skin at 45 degree angle
intramuscular (IM) into the muscle at 90 degree angle
intra-arterial into the artery
intrathecal (intraspinal) into the fluid-filled space between the thin tissue that cover the brain and spinal cord
intravenous into the vein
ampules glass containers with narrow necks;opened by breaking the glass
vial bottle
hyperdermic needle gauge=diameter of the tube; gauge increase as diameter of bore(hole) decreases
iv catheters diameter measured in "French"; small#=small lumen
iv bags hang at least 18 inches above injection site
Created by: dawn2000