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(TAMUCC) Psych Ch.10

Psychology Terms (Ch.10)

QuestionAnswer
the study of continuity and change across the life span developmental psychology
from conception to birth prenatal stage
a single cell that contains chromosomes from both a sperm and an egg zygote
the 2-week period of prenatal development that begins at conception germinal stage
the period of prenatal development that lasts from the 2nd week until about the 8th week embryonic stage
the period of prenatal development that lasts from the 9th week until birth fetal stage
the formation of a fatty sheath around the axons of a brain cell myelination
blindness, deafness, heart disease rubella
paralysis and brain damage genital herpes
few survive until first birthday AIDS
harm to circulatory system excessive aspirin
slow fetal growth, premature birth caffeine
small head, hyper, irritable, retardation, heart defects fetal alcohol syndrome
low birth weight, miscarriage... smoking
birth to between 18-24 months; habituation occurs infancy
the emergence of the ability to execute physical action motor development
"top to bottom" rule (head to feet) Cephalocaudal rule
"inside to outside" rule Proximodistal rule
infant experiences world through movement and senses; develops schemas, begins to act intentionally, and shows evidence of understanding object permanence. Sensorimotor (Birth-2 yrs.)
child acquires motor skills but does not understand conversation of physical properties; child begins this stage by thinking egocentrically but ends with a basic understanding of other minds. Preoperational (2-6 yrs.)
child can think logically about physical objects and events and understands conservation of physical properties Concrete Operational (6-11 yrs.)
child can think logically about abstract propositions and hypotheticals Formal Operational (11 yrs. and up)
theory which includes 4 stages of maturational development and holds two complimentary learning processes: -incorporating new info. into existing schemas -changing schemas in order to fit new info. Piaget's Theory
the emotional bond hat forms between newborns and their primary caregivers attachment
characteristic patterns of emotional reactivity (the foundation of personality) temperaments
the morality of an action is primarily determined by its consequences for the actor pre-conventional stage
the morality of an action is primarily determined by the extent to which it conforms to social rules conventional stage
the morality of an action is determined by a set of general principles that reflect core values post-conventional stage
the period of development that begins with the onset of sexual maturity (about 11-14 yrs.) and lasts until the beginning of adulthood (about 18-21 yrs.) adolescence
the bodily changes associated with sexual maturity puberty
bodily structures that are directly involved in reproduction primary sex characteristics
bodily structures that change dramatically with sexual maturity but that are not directly involved in reproduction secondary sex characteristics
the stage of development that begins around 18-21 yrs. and ends at death adulthood
Created by: lmarbach