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Essentials Chapter10

Educational Psychology

Assessment Process of observing a sample of a student's behavior and drawing inferences about the student's knowledge and abilities.
Informal Assessment Assessment that results from a teacher's spontaneous, day-to-day observations of how students behave and perform in class.
Formal Assessment Preplanned, systematic attempt to ascertain what students have learned.
Formative Assessment Assessment conducted in order to facilitate instructional planning and enhance students' learning.
Summative Assessment Assessment conducted in order to determine students' final achievement related to a particular topic or content area.
Reliability Extent to which an assessment instruments yields consistent information about the knowledge, skills, or characteristics being assessed.
Standardization Extent to which assessments involve similar content and format and are administered and scored similarly for everyone.
Validity Extent to which an assessment instrument actually measures what it is intended to measure and allows appropriate inferences about the characteristic or ability in question.
Content Validity Extent to which an assessment includes a representative sample of tasks within the domain being assessed.
Paper-Pencil Assessment Assessment in which students provide written responses to written items.
Performance Assessment Assessment in which students demonstrate their knowledge and skills in a non written fashion.
Table of Specifications Two-way grid indicating the topics to be covered in an assessment and the things students should be able to do with those topics.
Practicality Extent to which an assessment instrument or procedure is inexpensive and easy to use and takes only a small amount of time to administer and score.
Authentic Assessment Assessment of students' knowledge and skills in a context similar to one in the outside world.
Dynamic Assessment Systematic examination of how readily and in what ways a student can acquire new knowledge or skills, perhaps with an adult's assistance.
Cultural Bias Extent to which assessment tasks either offend or unfairly penalize some students because of their ethnicity, gender, or socioeconomic status.
Rubric List of components that a student's performance on an assessment task should ideally include; used to guide scoring.
Test Anxiety Excessive anxiety about a particular test or about assessment in general.
Raw Score Assessment score based solely on the number or point value of correctly answered items.
Criterion-Referenced Score Assessment score that specifically indicates what a student knows or can do.
Norm-Referenced Score Assessment score that indicates how a student's performance compares with the average performance of others.
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) U.S. legislation passed in 1974 that gives students and parents access to school records and limits other people's access to those records.
Portfolio Collection of a student's work compiled systematically over a lengthy time period.
Standardized Test Test developed by test construction experts and published for use in many different schools and classrooms.
High-Stakes Testing Practice of using students' performance on a single assessment to make major decisions about students, school personnel, or overall school quality.
Accountability Mandated obligation of teachers and other school personnel to accept responsibility for students' performance on high-stakes assessment.
No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) U.S. legislation passed in 2001 that mandates regular assessment of basic skills to determine whether students are making adequate yearly progress in relation to state-determined standards in reading, math, and science.
Testwiseness Test-taking know-how that enhances test performance.
Created by: dkern