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For AP of the toes, the toes/foot are ________ to the IR and the CR is at the ____ Joint? PARALLEL and MTP Joint
For AB Oblique of the toes, knees are flexed, foot on IR with toes INTERNALLY rotated are _______ to the IR with CR TO ____ joint. 30" to 45* Oblique = CR to MTP Joint
For the lateral view of the big toe, the foot should always be in what position LATERAL
Where is the CR Directed for an AP Dorsoplantar of the foot? CR is angled 10* POSTERIORLY toward the heel ot BASE of the 3RD Metatarsal
For and AP OBLIQUE of the foot how many degrees to the IR ? 30*
For the AP OBLQUE of the foot the CR to the BASE is at? the 3rd Metatarsal
For a lateral view of the foot how should it be positioned? Mediolateral
For the AXIAL PLANTODORSAL position of the foot and calcaneus (the heel) be positioned to the IR? Perpendicular to the IR
In the AXEAL PLANTODORSAL position the CR should be angled how many degrees 40* Cephalad toward the id calcaneus
What does CEPHALD mean? Toward the head
What position should the leg be in a lateral (mediolateral) position Knee Flexed-Leg rotaded externally until lateral side of foot is against the IR - Ankle is flexed 90*
For and AP OBLIQUE Mortise how far do you rotate the ankle? 15* - 20* Oblique
For an AP OBLIQUE how far do you rotate the ankle 45* bolique to IR
When positioning the lower leg the 14"x17" is placed how? Diagonally
In the AP of the lower leg the lower leg and knee should be _______ to the IR? PARALLEL
When positioning the knee in the AP View the CR angled should be _____ * cephald to 1/2" distal to apex of patellaw 5*
For a lateral knee the knee should be flexed ____* to ____ *, leg should be rotated _____ until femoral condyle and patella are ____ to IR - 20* TO 30* = Externally = PERPENDICULAR to IR
For the lateral knee the CR is _____* to _____* cephald to _____" distal to medial epicondyle 5* to 1* = 1"
How many degrees is the knee flexed for the TUNNEL VIEW? Prone with Knee Flexed 40-50* to IR
How many degrees for a SUNRISE VIEW? 80*
For the Patella the CR angle is? 15* to 20* Cephald to APEX of the PatellaAn
What is ASIS? Anterior Superior Illiac Spine
When positioning the femur the 14" x 17" should be placed __________ with TOP OF IR at level of _______ for PROXIMAL VIEWS LONGITUDINALLY - ASIS
When positioning the femur the 14'x17' should be placed ________ with the BOTTOM of the IR ________ below knee joint for a distal view Longitudinally - 1" to 2"
For a LATERAL PROXIMAL VIEW the patien is turned _______ on side, knees flexed _______ with legs rotated ________ until lateral? PARTIALLY on side - 30"-45" - Rotated EXTERNALLY -
For a LATERAL DISTAL VIEW the patient is turned on side with ________ leg crossed over affected leg,knee is flexed ____* with femoral condyles and patella _______ to the IR UNAFFECTED LEG - 30*-45* = PERPENDICULAR
When using the buckey to position the hip a 10" x 12" is placed ____________ with TOP OF IR at level of ASIS Longitudinally
For an AP Positioning of the hip leg is fully exteneded with foot and leg roated ________ * Internally 15
Name the irregular bones OXCOXAE - SACRUM - COCCYX
The tarsal are what type of bones Short Bones
The phalanges and metatarsals are classified as what type of bones? Long Bones
The tibia and fibula are classified as what type of bones Long Bones
The femur is considered what type of a bone Long Bone
What type of movement does all PHANGEAL JOINTS provide Hinge Movement
The MTP Joints allow for what type of movement Hinge Movement
The ANKLE (MORTISE) Joint allows for what type of movement Hinge Movement
The Patella formoral allows for what type of movement? Gliding Movement
The hip joint allows for what type of movement Circumduction
How many bones are there in the foot? 26
How many phalanges (toes) are there in the foot 14
There are ________ tarsals in the foot 7
The FEMUR extends from the _____ to the ____ Hip to the Knee
The proximal end of the femur contains what? The head - neck & greater and lesser trochanters
The distal end contains the ______ & _____ with a U-shaped notch. This notch lets what pass through? Medial and the Lateral Condyles = Blood vessels and nerves
The 1st digit (big toe) contains ____ phalanges 2
What are name of the phalanges found in the big toe? Proximal and Distal Phalanx
The foot contians 2 _______ bones near the 1st metatarsal phalangeal joint Sesamoid Bone
What are the 3 bones in the Proximal Row of the foot Navicualr - Talus - Calcaneous (heel0
What are the 2 bones that make up the lower leg Tibia and Fibula
On what dise is the Fibula found Lateral Side
The tibia is the larger weight bearing bone located on the MEDIAL Side True
Where are the TIBIAL SPINES located Anterior Tibia
The tibial tuberosity is a raised area on Anterior Tibia
The distal tibia contains ____________? Medial Maleolus
The proximal end contains the ______ and _______ process Head and Styloid
The POINTAL INFERIOR border is called the? APEX
The ROUNDED SUPERIOR border is called the Base
The bones that make up the pelvic girdle are the? Right and Left OS COXAE (HIPS)
The hip bones is made up of 3 fused bones ..what are they? Ilium, Ishium and Pubis
The Pelvis includes the _______ and ______? Pelic Girdle, Sacruml, Coccyx
The ilium has a curved upper portion called the? Iliac Crest
The ilium has a bondy projection called the ASIS Anterior Superior Iliac Spine
In each Os Coxae there are 2 large openings called the ______ _________ which allows for the passage of NERVES and BLOOD VESSELS to the legs Obturator Foramen
How many IP Joints does the big toe have 1 IP
Digits 2 - 5 have both PIP (Proximal Interphalangeal) and Distal (DIP) Interphalangeal Joints True
The ankle mortise joint seperates the Tibia from the Lateral Malleolus FALSE
The Mensicus acts as a ________ helping to cushion the knee joint. shock absorber
EC - What are the 2 c-shaped disks between the femoral condyles and the tibial plateaus called Meniscus
EC - The medial and laterial condyles have a Ushaped notch that seperates them and it is called a ________. Blood vessels and nerves pass through this notch Inter Condylar Fossa
Created by: 1027949294