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Gender Communication

COMN2311-LECT 19 Concepts

Culture A way of life - the "taken-for-granted" world view shared by a group including: knowledge, values & symbolic expression
Language A shared lexicon, within a culture, for objects + ideas that helps to categorize items with easily observable differences that is arbitrarily attached to meaning
Misconception about gender in communication that women + men speak the same "language" in conversation. They do not - they operate in two different sub-cultures or communication groups.
Androcentrism (result of patriarchy) and male generics the male point of view at the center of one's worldview + history --> men dominate, culture, politics, media, education, literature, etc + default symbols for humans are male ->male generics in language exclude women-->make men more prominent/normative
Femminine public (media) talk focus Appearance + relationships
Masculine public (media) talk focus Activities + achievements
Language & gender perceptions - classify in stereotypes or generalisations - evaluates gender - English reflects cultural values that trivialise + demean women
Language influences thinking - English is not neutral - Metaphors demeaning women + equating them with food, animals, possessions + children - 222 negative words for sexually promiscuous women only 22 for men - enables hypothetical thought + self reflection
Femminine gendered talk + play  early segregation btwn genders  more emotions  parents use more emotion + words  nature of emotions  explore + articulate feelings early  smaller group, cooperative play  learn indirect aggression by puberty  build connected relationships
Masculine gendered talk + play  early segregation  less info/more anger  narrow range - fewer emotive words  causes/consequences  more physical action - less aware of internal states  large groups, competitive play  direct & ritual aggression  tough minded auton
Male world view of talk - talk to discover who is in charge w/ high vs low levels of competition
Female world view of talk - talk to discover who is connected w/ close vs far connections - use more words and intensifiers - use tag questions + up inflections - encouragers - more effect/feeling words
Male world view of talk - use more affect words when talking to women - talk to establish autonomy (compete to maintain) - negotiate status - use 'report talk' - talk w/ purpose to solve issue, seek advice, take a stand, etc - they assume hierarchy + control
General male barriers to effective communication - resist being 'one down' (not likely to ask Qs) - compete in conversation give answers/poor listeners re-direct conversation debate vs discuss interrupt to gain floor attack/ expect counter -'fight it out' / 'drop it' & move on (ritual c
General female barriers to effective communication talk to est. connections; negotiate intimacy; use rapport (connect) talk; share feelings, personal ideas & build relationships; taken-for-granted world is based on closeness & distance
Woman talk characteristics take turns speaking; ask questions if they don't know; overlap to support/grab the floor; use rituals of speech to show connection to other
Men + women talking together can be problematic may speak at cross-purposes; hold different views of relationships (working = discuss/not working = don't discuss); and have different modes of ritual speech
gender in communication rituals - negotiations w-ask how others see the problem; m- claim what they want
gender in communication rituals - downplay w- downplay certainty to be connective; m-downplay doubts to maintain ego (avoid 'one-down' position)
gender in communication rituals - ideas w-phrase ideas as suggestions; m- give orders w/ out reasons
gender in communication rituals - rituals w-use 'i'm sorry' as a connective ritual; m- interpret as apology
gender in communication rituals - social 'lying' w- tend to lie to make others feel better; m- lie to make themselves look better
improve x-gender communications be mindful; use dual perspective; use I-messages; respect others (feelings & ideas); use meta-communication
Created by: elle99
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