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medterms ST

chapter 4, 1, 2,5

QuestionAnswer
aplastic anemia marrow fails to produce erythrocytes, white, and platelets
hemolytic anemia red blood cells destroyed-bone marrow cannot compensate for loss
iron deficiency anemia low iron levels-low hemoglobin concentration
pernicious anemia mucus membrane of stomach fails to substance necessary for absorption of B12
sickle cell anemia erythrocytes assume an abnormal crecent or sickle shape. Inheritance of abnormal type of hemoglobin.
apnea unable to breath
aphasia without speech
atrophy muscles shrink cells decrease in size
phagia eating or swallowing
-mission to send
partum birth
-plasia formation (condition)
-plasm formation (tissue)
-plegia paralysis
-tension pressure
-thesis to put, place (state of putting or placing)
-trophy nourishment, development
-um structure
-y process, condition
extra outside of
hemi half
-crine secretion
-rrhea flow, discharge
stasis to stand, place, stop, control
-pnea breathing
nat/i birth
top/o to put, place, position
plas/o formation, growth, development
gen/o to produce, to begin
adrenal glands produce adrenaline (epinephrine)
ovaries produce estrogen, progesterone
pancreas produce's insulin
parathyroid glands produce parathyroid harmone (PTH)
pituitary gland produce's adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), growth hormone ( GH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
testes produce testosterone
thyroid gland produce's thyroxine (T4)
neonatal new birth
neoplasm new tissue
neoplastic new growth
-lapse to fall, slide (uterine prolapse)
re- , retro- back, behind
sub- under, less than
syn- , con- with, together
pros-, pro- before, forward
peri- surrounding
ultra- beyond
tricuspid valve fold of tissues between the upper and lower chambers on the right side of the heart. has three cusps or points-prevents backflow of blood into right artrium
dysmenorrhea painful menstrual flow
dysphagia difficult swallowing
dysuria painful or difficult unination
dysplasia abnormality of the development or formation of cells
dyspepsia painful digestion
extrahepatic pertaining to outside of liver
antigen foreign protein (bacterium or virus)
antibody a substance that works against (ANTI-) germs ("bodies" of infection).
congenital anomaly irregularity at birth (polydactyly)extra finger
subdural hematoma collection of blood under the dura mater
polyneuropathy many dieased nerves
subtotal less than total (a subtotal gastrectomy is a partial resection of the stomach)
ultrasonogram test that shows the structure of organs using sound waves beyond the normal range of hearing
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate gland
polyp abnormal, precancerous, neoplastic lesions in the colon
primary malignant tumor originates and grows in a tissue or specific organ, such as the lung, breast or liver
metastasis a malignant tumor that has traveled from a primary location to a secondary site.
remission is the lessening or absence of disease symptoms during an illness
relapse is the return of disease symptoms
syndrome a group of signs and symptoms that occur together indicating a particular condition
disease a specific medical condition often marked by an identifiable cause
antibiotics medications produced outside the body to kill of inhibit the growth of antigens such as bacteria and other microorganisms
plural of vertebra vertebrae
hyperthyroidism is also known as Graves Disease
What is DKA diabetic retoacidosis
what is an adenoma benign tumor of the glandular cells
what is the plural for cortex cortices
define TURP transurethal resection of the prostate
leukemia is cancerous condition of white blood cells
what is a POA diagnosis present on admission
name two endocrine glands thyroid and pituitary
how many body systems are there 11
a spinal tap is a lumbar puncture
the voicebox is the larynx
what is the function of body planes division
how many false ribs are there 3, 2 floating
how many abdominal regions are there 9
what is sacr/o sacrum
what is ascites the collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
what is CABG Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Ulcerative colitis and Crohns disease are both what? IBD(inflammatory bowel disease
Rheumat/o flow, fluid
Leiomyomas Fibroids
Fistula Access for dialysis
scotoma blind spot
Otolaryngologist Ear, nose, and throat specialist
Rectocele Hernia or protrusion of the rectum
posteroanterior pertaining to direction back to front
Pedunculated growths protrude on stalks
Polyuria exessive urination
polydipsia exessive thirst
what is AHA? American Hospital Association
what is HIPAA? Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
what is NBSTSA? National Board of Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting
what is CSPS? The Joint Commission and the Council on Surgical and Perioperative Safety
what is ACS? American College of Surgeons
what is FDA? Food and Drug Administration
what is CAAHEP Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Program
ARC-ST Accreditation Review Committee on Education in Surgical Technology
NBSTSA National Board of Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting
CST certified surgical technologist
CFA certified first assistant
AST Association of Surgical Technologist
JCAHO Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Organization
AORN Association of periOperative Registered Nurses
WHO World Health Organization
dura mater outer layer meninges
What is the middle layer of the meninges called arachnoid
inner layer meninges pia mater
What are uterine fibroids called? leiomyomas
myeloma malignant tumor of bone marrow
What is a subserosal mass a mass that lies under the serosal (outermost) layer of the uterus
TAH-BSO total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingectomy and oophorectomy
radiotherapy treatment of disease (cancer) with high energy x-ray
-stomy opening
salping/o fallopian (uterine) tube
vascul/o blood vessel
isch/o to hold back
phleb/o vein
rhabdomyosarcoma cancer of skeletal muscle
lymphadenopathy Disease condition of the lymph nodes (previously called glands)
retinopathy disease condition of the retina of the eye
adenectomy excision of a gland
adenoidectomy excision of the adenoids
laminectomy excision of a piece of backbone (lamina) to relieve pressure on nerves from a (herniating) disk
Created by: 4mydad