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WGU Ethics II

Ethical Systems

QuestionAnswer
Feature of Utilitarianism examines consequences versus intensions of action
Feature of Utilitarianism greatest happiness for the greatest number of people
Feature of Utilitarianism yeilds conclusions that do not conform to common sense
Moral theory of Hobbe's Social Contract A persons rights flows from mutually beneficial constraints
Social Contract Ethics Weakness may be prohibitions against acts that do not threaten social living
Social Contract Ethics Weakness based on assumption about prehistoric humans
Social Contract Ethics Weakness people have moral obligations only to participants in the contract
Social Contract Ethics Strength Acceptance of the rules is based on others agreeing to them
Social Contract Ethics Strength principal of reciprcity explains how criminals are to be treated
Social Contract Ethics Strength explains when violations of the law may be justified
Statement about Utilitarianism Actions are permissible if they promote the greater good
Supports Classical Utilitarian Theory Laws should promote the greatest happiness of all
Does not support Classical Utilitarian Theory It is wrong to kill innocent people
Does not support Classical Utilitarian Theory God is in control and establishes morality
Supports Classical Utilitarian Theory The principle of utility determines morality
Supports Classical Utilitarian Theory No act may be prohibited unless it causes pain to another person
Supports Classical Utilitarian Theory A moral act produces the greatest happiness
Weakness of Classical Utilitarian Ethics allows for no personal rights
Strength of Classical Utilitarian Ethics bases moral decisions only on the greater good
Weakness of Classical Utilitarian Ethics implies that future obligations are relevant
Weakness of Classical Utilitarian Ethics recognizes no special duties to loved ones
Strength of Classical Utilitarian Ethics supports the belief that the results of acts determine their goodness
Created by: emartin