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RADT456 Rad. Pro

ARRT review Radiograph Procedures

What is a hypersthenic body type? the body is large and heavy, stomach is transverse
What is an asthenic body type? the body is slender and light, the stomach is very long and low
What is a sthenic body? the body build is average and athletic
What is a hpyosthenic body? the body is somewhat lighter and less robust; the stomach, instestines, and gallbladder is situated higher
What are some localization points T2-T3 Jugular notch T10 Xiphoid tip T12-L3 Kidneys L4 Iliac crest S1-S2 ASIS
What is the position called where the patient is recumbent and the head is positioned at a level lower than the feet? Trendelenburg position
What are the functions of teh skeletal system? support, reservoir for minerals, muscle attachment/movement, protection, hematopoiesis
What are the two bone tissue types? cortical (hard, compact) and cancellour (sponagy)
What does a gliding (plane) joint do? Simplest motion, least movement, smooth/sliding motion
What movement does a pivot joint enable? permits roation around a single axis
What movement does a hinge joint permit? permits flexion and extension
What movement does a ball and socket joint enable? permits flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, rotation, and circuduction with more motion distally and less proximally
What movement does the condyloid joint permit? permits flexion, extension,abduction,adduction, and circuduction (no rotation)
What movement does the saddle joint permit? permits flexion, extention, adduction, and circumduction
Name the tarsal bones calcaneus, talus, navicular, cuboid, first/medial cuneiform, second/intermediate cuneiform, and the third/lateral cuneiform
What is a simple fracture? an undisplaced fracture
What is a compound fracture? fractured end of bone has penetrated skin (open fracture)
What is an imcomplete fracture? fracture tht does not traverse entire bone, little or no displacement
What is a greenstick fracture? a break of cortex on one side of bone onle; found in infants and children
What is a buckle fracture? a greenstick fracture with one cortex buckled/compacted and the other intact
What is a stress/fatigue fracture? a response to repeated song, powerful force (ie: jogging, marching)
What is an avulsion fracture? a small bony fragment pulled from bony prominence as a result of forceful pull of the attached ligament or tendon (chip fracture)
What is a hairline fracture? faint undisplaced fracture
What is a comminuted fracture? one fracture composed of several fragments
What is a butterfly fracture? a comminuted fracture with one or more wedge or butterfly wing-shaped pieces
What is the skull composed of? cranium and facial bones
Name the 14 facial bones nasal(2), lacrimal (2), palatine (2), inferior nasal conchae (2), maxillae (2), and zygomatic bones (2), vomer (1) and mandible (1)
What are teh major sutures of the cranium? sagittal, coronal, lambdoidal, and squammosal
What are the 8 cranial bones? frontal, parietal (2), temporal (2), occipial, ethmoid, sphenoid
What is a linear fracture? a skull fracture, straight and sharply defined
What is a depressed fracture? a comminuted skull fracture with one or more portions pushed inward
What is a hangman's fracture? a fracture of C2 with anterior subluxation of C2 on C3; result of forceful hyperextension
What is a compression fracture? Diminished thickness or width as a result of compression-type force especially of spongy bone.
What is a blowout fracture? A fracture of the orbital floor as a result of a direct blow
What are the four fundamental baselines used in skull radiography? Glabellomeatal (GML), Orbitomeatal (OML), infraorbitomeatal (IOML), acanthiomeatal line (AML)
Created by: anbrunes