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Land/Climate 1

Unit 1 Vocab

Bay part of a large zbody of water that extends into the shoreline
channel wide strait or waterway between two landmasses that lie close to each other
climate usual predicatble pattern of weather over a long peroid of time
current moving streams of water in the worlds oceans; affects climate
drought long periods of extreme dryness and water shortage
elevation height above sea level
landform individual features of the land
gulf part of a large body of water that enstends inland; larger than a bay
harbor a sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can anchor safely
hurricane violent tropical storm with high winds and heavy rainfall
island land completely surrounded by water
lake a sizeable inland body of water
high-latitude climate cold climate lies from 60 degress north to the North Pole and from the 60 degrees south from the South Pole
tropical climate warm year round extends from the equator to the Tropic Cancer(23 1/2 degrees north) and from the equator to the Tropic Capricorn (23 1/2 degrees south)
mid latitude climate temperate climate (think seasons) extend from 23 1/2 degrees north to 60 degrees north and from 23 1/2 degrees south from 60 degrees south
prevailing wind movements of air that travel around the earth in a typical pattern
El Nino caused by the combination of temperatue wind and water . Formed when cold winds from the north are weak. pacific ocean gets warmer occurs every 3 years
la nina eastern winds become strong and the opposite of el nino occurs- pacific ocean gets cooler
dry climate dry to partially dry areas with little to no rain
typhoon name for hurricane in Asia
tornado funnel-shaped windstorm; forms during a thunderstorm
tropics low latitude region between the Tropic of Cnacer and the Tropic of Capricorn
mountain land with steep sides that rise sharply from surrounding land
mountain range a series of connected mountains
monsoon seasonal wind that blows over a continent for a long period of time
weather unpredictable changes in the air that take place in a short period of time
peninsula body of land jutting out into a lake or an ocean surrounded on three sides by water
plain area of low land at low elevation
plateau flat or rolling land at high elevation usually 300-3,000 ft high
physical feature characteristics of a place-naturally occurring like landforms, climate, resources
river large natural stream of water that runs through land
sea large body of water partially or completley surrounded by land
strait narrow stretch of water joining two larger bodies iof water
ocean one of the four major bodies of salt water that surrounded the continents
volcano mountain created as liquid rock and ash erupt from inside the earth
valley area of lowland between hills and mountains
Created by: tyreeon