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Landforms & Climate

Chapter 1 & 2 Landforms/Climate Vocabulary Terms

Part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally smaller than a gulf What is a bay?
Wide strait or waterway between two landmasses on the earth What is a channel?
Unusual predictable pattern of weather over a long period of time. What is climate?
Moving streams of water in the world's oceans; affects climate What is a current?
Long periods of extreme dryness and water shortage What is a drought?
Height of land above sea level What is elevation?
individual features of the land What is a landform?
Part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally larger and more deeply indented that a bay What is a gulf?
A cold climate that lies from 60 degrees north and from 60 degrees south to the south pole What is high latitude climate?
temperate climate (think seasons)extend from 23.5 degrees north to 60 degrees north What is mid latitude climate?
warm year round extends from the equator to the Tropic of Cancer (23.5 degrees north) What is tropical climate?
cool or cold climate that varies with elevation(like high up in the mountains) What is highland climate?
Caused by the combination of temperature wind and water. Formed when cold winds from the north are weak. Pacific Ocean gets warmer. Occurs every three years. What is El Nino?
Eastern winds become strong and the opposite of El Nino occurs: Pacific Ocean gets cooler. What is El Nina?
movements of air that travel around the earth in a typical pattern. What is a Prevailing wind?
A sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can anchor safely What is a harbor?
Violent tropical storm with high winds and heavy rainfall What is a hurricane?
land area, smaller than a continent, completely surrounded by water What is an island?
Dry to partially dry areas with little or no rain. What is dry climate?
A sizable inland body of water What is a lake?
land with steep sides that rises sharply (1000 feet or more) from surrounding land; generally larger and more rugged than a hill What is a mountain?
A series of connected mountains What is a mountain range?
A hurricane in Asia What is a typhoon?
A funnel shaped wind storm; may form during a thunderstorm What is a tornado?
low latitude region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn What are the tropics?
Seasonal wind that blows over a continent for a long period of time What is a monsoon?
Unpredictable changes in the air that take place in the air that take place in a short period of time What is weather?
Body of land jutting out into a lake or an ocean surround by it on three side. What is a peninsula?
AN area of low elevation usually 300-30000 ft high What is a plateau?
characteristics of a place, naturally occuring like landforms, climate, resources. What is a physical feature?
large natural strean of water that runs through land What is a river?
Large body of water partially or comppletely surrounded by land What is a sea?
Narrow stretch of water joining two larger bodies of water. What is a strait?
1 of the 4 mahor bodies of salt water that surround the continents What is an ocean?
mountain created as liquid rock and ash erupt from the inside of the earth What is a volcano?
Area of lowland between hills and mountains What is a valley?
Created by: alexbrainiac