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Cognitive Approaches

Who developed cognitive therapy? Aaron Beck
Who developed REBT? Albert Ellis
What is REBT? Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy; Current thoughts determine how we feel and behave
What is the therapeutic relationship? Counselor: helping the client identify and change irrational thoughts; be an active teacher
What is the client-counselor relationship? Counselor-Client: actively working on the clients problems; could vary depending on the therapist
What are the goals of REBT? Negotiate between the client and therapist; Identify irrational beliefs; Live a rational lifestyle
Initial Exploration Stage Exploring the connections among the ABC's and the irrational beliefs
Action Stage Therapist uses techniques to help the client give up irrational thoughts and replace with rational thoughts
A Actual event
B Behavior
C Consecuences of A and B interacting
D Disputing the irrational behavior
E Effective and rational philosphy of life
F New Feeling from disputing irrational belief
What is the focus cognitive therapy? “Linear” relationship between a person's cognitions, feelings, behaviors, and motivations
Major aspects of coginitve therapy Systems functions in modes Create our own reality Cognition mediates affect and behavior Cognition is knowable Cognition change is primary in the change process
What is a Schema? Schemas: core beliefs developed through life that affects one's perception of events
What is automatic thoughts and schemas? Schema develop into automatic thoughts
Thinking Distortions Arbitrary Inference Selective Abstraction Overgeneralization Magnification and Minimization Personalization Dichotomous Thinking
What are dysfunctional modes? Schemas form modes that are networks of cognitive, affective, motivational, and behavioral schemas to form personality and interpret ongoing situations
What is the therapeutic relationship in cognitive therapy? Flexible and effective interpersonal skills
What is the client-counselor relationship? Work together; trust and respect
What are the goals of cognitive therapy? Modifying thinking that leads to problem behaviors and feelings; Consider the client's situation
Therapeutic Techniques- Automatic thoughts Identifying those connections between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors; Recognize the impact these connections have on negative feelings and behaviors
Therapeutic Techniques- Avoiding retribution Clients take on responsibility for any event that goes wrong creating negative emotions and behaviors
Therapeutic Techniques- Logical Analysis Testing automatic thoughts with evidence to identify logical distortions
Therapeutic Techniques- Decatastrophizing Imagine the worst possible outcome; Challenge this thinking by using “what if
Therapeutic Techniques- Challenging Maladaptive Assumptions Assumptions made by clients that they are aware; Thought stopping; Positive imagery; Positive self talk
Problem Solving Therapy probvlem definition; generation of alternatives; decision making; solution implementation
Created by: 1093280684