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Circulatory Test Rev

Review on the circulatory terms based on the review worksheet

QuestionAnswer
Endocardium The serous membrane that lines the cavities of the heart. (inside of the heart)
Pericardium the membranous sac enclosing the heart.(Remember peri= perimeter of the heart, Outside)
Myocardium Muscular layer of the heart (myo=muscle)
Diastole the normal rythmical dilatation of the heart, chambers fill with blood, period of relaxation for the heart
Systole Period of work, or contraction of the heart
Arterioles any of the smallest branches of an artery, terminating in capillaries
Veins Blood vessel that brings deoxygenated blood back to the heart, with the exception of the pulmonary vein.
Arteries Blood vessels that take oxygenated blood away from the heart, with the exception of the pulmonary artery
Capillaries blood vessel that connects the terminations of arteries and the beginnings of veins
Plasma the liquid portion of the blood,92 percent water
Hemoglobin the iron-contaning protein of the red blood cells,serves to carry oxygen from the lungs to the tissue
Aorta Aorta main trunk of the arterial system, sends blood from the left ventricle to the rest of the body except lungs, largest artery
Erythrocytes Red Blood cell (RBC)
Thrombocytes Also known as platelet, blood cell required for clotting
Leukocytes White Blood cell (WBC)
Hemophilia Disorders in which excessive bleeding occurs due to absence or an abnormality of clotting factor in the blood
Aneurysm a permanent cardiac or arterial dilatation usually caused by weakening of the vessel wall.
Leukemia type of cancer in which prevents the normal manufacture of red and white blood cells, and platelets.
Phlebotomist health worker trained in drawing venous blood for testing,(prepares blood to get ready for testing)
Cardiologist Cardiologists specialize in preventing and treating all heart diseases and conditions,
Hematologist Professional who specializes in studying and treating blood-related illnesses
Electrocardiogram a galvanometric device that detects and records the minute differences in electric potential caused by heart action and occurring between different parts of the body: used in the diagnosis of heart disease.
Created by: tico752
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