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Pharmacology Ch. 13

Pharmacology

QuestionAnswer
acetylcholine a neurotransmitter that binds to ACh receptors on the membranes of muscle cells, beginning a process that ultimately results in muscle contraction
analgesic pain relieving
antipyretic fever reducing
arthritis joint inflammation
autoimmune disease illness in which the immune system attacks and destroys healthy tissue within the body
bursitis inflammation of a bursa
COX-1 an enzyme that is present in most body tissues and produces protective prostaglandins to regulate physiological processes such as GI mucosal integrity
COX-2 an enzyme that is present in the synovial fluid of arthritis patients and is associated with the pain and inflammation of arthritis
DMARDs agents that can modify the progession of rheumatoid arthritis
gouty arthritis a disease resulting from the improper excretion of uric acid; also called gout
muscle relaxant a drug that reduces or prevents skeletal muscle contraction
muscle spasticity a condition whereby muscle fibers are in state of involuntary, continuous contraction that causes pain
nonnarcotic analgesic a drug used for pain, inflammation, and fever that is not a controlled substance
salicylates a class of nonnarcotic analgesics that have both pain-relieving and antipyretic (fever-reducing) properties
salcylism mild salicylate intoxication, characterized by ringing in the ears, dizziness, headache, and mental confusion.
somatic pain dull, throbbing pain from skin, muscle, and bone
tophus a deposit of sodium urate around a joint
visceral pain sharp, stabbing pain from the organs
NSAIDs anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic drugs that are not controlled substances or steroids; used to treat arthritis and for other indications such as pain and inflammation
osteoarthritis a degenerative joint disease resulting in loss of cartilage, elasticity, and thickness
Reye syndrome a condition that can develop in children who have been exposed to chicken pox or other viral infections and are given aspirin; characterized by amnesia, lethargy, disorientation, and agitation that can culminate in coma and respitory failure
RA an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks its own connective tissue; characterized by inflammation of synovial membrane of the joints
Created by: Stephanie.Sloas
 

 



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