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CVA vocabulary

CVA Vocabulary

Speech flows smoothly but auditory comprehension is impaired Wernickes Aphasia
Marked impairments of both production and comprehension of language Global Aphasia
Thickening of the walls of the arteries due to plaque formation with loss of elasticity and contractility Atherosclerosis
Motor speech difficulties: respiration, phonation, resonance and/or sensory feedback may be affected Dysarthria
Unstable or changeable emotional state. Patient may change quickly from laughing to crying Emotional Lability
Motor weakness affecting one side of the body Hemiparesis
Localized abnormal dilation of a blood vessel, usually an artery Aneurysm
Characterized by an inability to initiate and perform purposeful movements that cannot be accounted for by decreased strength, coordination, sensation, attention deficits, tone or movement disorders, or mental or cognitive dysfunction Apraxia
Penetration of food, liquid, saliva or gastric reflux into the airway Aspiration
Inability to swallow or difficulty in swallowing Dysphagia
Stereotyped, mass movement patterns associated with neurological deficit Synergy
An associated reaction in which abduction of the normal limb produces a similar response in the affected limb Raimiste's Phenomenon
Increased tone of muscle causing stiff, awkward movements. The result of an upper motor neuron lesion Spasticity
Hyperactive, brisk stretch reflexes; associated with clonus, spasticity and clasp-knife phenomena, and a positive Babinski Hyperreflexia
Characterized by an impairment of language comprehension, formulation and use Aphasia
The inability to recognize or make sense of incoming information despite intact sensory capacities Agnosia
The inability to register and to integrate stimuli and perceptions from one side of the environment (usually the left) Unilateral neglect
Acute onset of neurological dysfunction due to an abnormality in cerebral circulation with signs and symptoms that correspond to involvement of focal areas of the brain Stroke or CVA
Flow of speech is slow and hesitant; vocabulary is limited, and syntax is impaired; articulation may be labored Broca's Aphasia
Uncoordinated movement; may influence gait, posture, and patterns of movements Ataxia
Union of the anterior, middle, and posterior cerebral arteries, branches of the carotid and vertebral basilar arteries, forming an anastomosis at the base of the brain Circle of Willis
Motor paralysis of of one half of the body Hemiplegia
Temporary interruption of blood supply to the brain causing neurological deficits that last less than 24 hrs. and leave no residual brain damage Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
A response to positioning in which the supine position produces an increase in extensor tone and the prone position produces an increase in flexor tone Symmetric Tonic Labyrinthine reflex
The continued repetition of words, thoughts, or acts not related to current contex Perseveration
Deficient or absent muscle tone Flaccidity
Decreased awareness of the body and environment on the side of the body oppisite to the cerebral lesion Visual Neglect
An unusual motor behavior characterized by the patient's strong lateral lean toward the hemiplegic side in all positions Pusher's Syndrome
Loss of vision in the contralateral half of each visual field, the nasal half of one eye and the temporal half of the other eye corresponding to the hemiplegic side Homonymous Hemianopsia
Deviation of the eyes secondary to unopposed action of the eye muscles Forced Gaze Deviation
A response to flexion of the neck that results in flexion of the arms and extension of the legs; extension of the neck results in the opposite responses Symmetric Tonic Neck Reflex
Usually the result of trauma, pain usually begins in the shoulder and progresses to the hand followed by the development of sympathetic vasomotor symptoms of the hand Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
Created by: tina3111
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