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Rad 456

ARRT Regristry Review Content Covering Radiographic Procedures

QuestionAnswer
What are the four major body planes Midsagittal, sagittal, midcoronal, and transverse planes
What does the term body habitus mean refers to the body's physical apperance.
What body type is a hypersthenic habitus largest of the four types, large and heavy; the chest area is short with a high diaphragm
What body type is sethenic average athletic build, longer chest and abdomen with viscera located more medially.
What body type is hypsthenic this is a slighter version of the sthenic less athletic/strong
What body type is asthenic smallest/slightest of the four; frail looking, slender and slight; long chest and abdominal viscera located low and medial
What does recumbent refer to layning down in any position
What does erect refer to upright/standing/or sitting up
What does oblique refer to erect or recumbent; RAO,LAO,RPO, LPO
What is the definition of supination turning of the body or arm so that the palm faces forware, with the thumb away from midline of the body
Define pronation turning of the body or arm so that the palm faces backward, with the thumb toward the midline of the body
Define abduction movement of a part away from the body's MSP
Define adduction movement of a part toward the body's MSP
Define flexion bending motion of an articulation, decreasing the angle between associated bones
Define extention bendind motion of an articulation increaseing the angle btween associated bones
Define eversion turning outward or laterl motion of an articulation, sometimes with external tension or stress applied
Define inversion a turning inward or medical mtion of an articulation;sometimes with external tension or stress apllied
Define rotation movement of apart about its central or long axis
Define circumduction movement of a limb that produces circular motion; circumscribes a small area at its proximal end and a wide area at its distal end
Motion does what to recorded detail Motion obliterates recorded detail
What is the most important way to reduce involuntary motion the shortest possible exposure time
What are the functions of the skeletal system support, reservoir for minerals, muscle attachment/movement, protection, and hematopoiesis
What is hematopoiesis The production of red blood cells
What are the two types of bone tissue cortical, and cancellous
What are the three classifications of bony articulations Synarthrotic , amphiarthrotic, and diarthrotic
What does the appendicular skeleton consist of extremities, the arms, legs, shoulders, and pelvic girdle
Name the carpal bones scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum, pisiform, trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, and hamate
Name the tarsal bones calcaneus, talus, navicular, cuboid, medial cuniform, intermediate cuniform, and lateral cuniform
Describe the male pelvis marrow, deep for anterior to posterior, public angle less than 90, pelvic inlet marrow and heart shaped
Describe the female pelvis wide, shallow from anterior to posterior, pubic angle greater than 90, pelvic inlet large and round
What seven processes does the vertebral arch support two superior articular processes, two inferior articular processes, two transverse processes, and one spinous process.
Created by: bnpickrell