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chapter 01

Health A complete state of physical, social and mental wellbeing, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
Wellbeing The state of being healthy, happy and contented, usually determined through self-assessment
Homeostasis The property within a living organism that regulates its internal and external environment to maintain stability and constancy
Health Status An individual's or population's overall level of health, taking into account various aspects such as life expectancy amount of disability, and levels of disease risk factors
Physical Health Relates to the efficient functioning of the body and its systems, and includes the physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness
Social Health Being able to interact with others and participate in the community in both an independent and cooperative way
Mental Health State of wellbeing in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community
Health Continuum The level of healthiness that a person is experiencing illustrated on a line ranging from optimal health to death
Life Expectancy An indication of how long a person can expect to live; it is the number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age if death rates do not change
Health Adjusted Life Expectancy (HALE) A measure of burden of disease, based on life expectancy at birth, but including an adjustment for time spent in poor health. It is the number of years in full health that a person can expect to live based on current rates of ill health and mortality
Mortality The number of deaths caused by a particular disease, illness or other environmental factor
Under-5 Mortality Rate (U5MR) The number of deaths of children under five years of age per 1000 live births
Morbidity Ill health in an individual and the levels of ill health in a population or group
Disability Adjusted Life year (DALY) A measure of burden of disease - one DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due to premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury
Created by: ardaimebaluyut