Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how


Clin Path

Neutrophils, WBC's and macrophage are a sign of ___ Inflammation
Cytology are done to differentiate ___ from ___ Inflammation from neoplasia
Histopathology: evaluates cellular architecture
Cytology: evaluates cells individually/groups
___ or ___ are used to collect swab cytology samples Sterile cotton or rayon cells
___ swabs are used for anarobic samples Rayon swabs
Vaginal swabs are taken from ____ to ____ in the vagina cranial to urethral orifice
____ and ____Cells exfoliated from the vaginal wall are passed from the _____ *neutrophils and epithelia *uterus
___ are the only cytology's that are heat fixed ear cytology
Scraping smears are useful for collecting cells from ___ but only contain ____ *firm lesions *superficial
___ shaped eosinaphils are only seen in felines rod
___ cytology's are prepared from external lesions from living animals or tissue samples Imprint
Scraping procedure: Hold scalpel blade perpendicular to sample and scrape several times, transfer to slide and spread like peanut butter
Imprint procedure: remove blood/tissue fluid by blotting, make multiple imprints on several slides
Fine needle biopsy's can be a ____ or ____ procedure Aspiration or non-aspiration
FNA use ___g needles and ___ml syringe *21-25g needle *3-20ml syringe
The softer the aspiration tissue the ___ the needle and syringe smaller
When redirecting the needle Constants ______ is necessary when using the FNA technique negative pressure
___g needle is moved through the same tract ___ times and repeated ___ times for a NON- aspirate technique. *22G needle * 5-6 times *2-3 times
No ____ is used during the Non-aspirate technique. A ___ml syringe is used *negative pressure *10 ml
____ biopsy's are not ____ before procedure and are used for cytologic /histopathologic exams. *Tisuue Biopsy's *scrubbed
Tissue samples for Histo are fixed in ___, the fixation of choice *10 % formalin
Histo sample slabs are to be no more than ___ wide and fixed in formalin at a rate of ___ times the specimen's volume *1 cm wide *1o times
Endoscopy biopsy's are flushed with ___ from tip of endoscopy sterile saline
Wedge Biopsy's are taken from a ____ zone to ___ tissue *transition *normal
Wedge biopsy's are placed on a ___ with the ___ facing up and the ___ facing down * splint *superficial tissue *deep tissue
Most common punch biopsy's are _, _, and _mm. __ is the only one that doesn't require sutures *4-6-8 *4mm
Centesis: Introduction of a needle into any body cavity/organ to remove fluid
Synovial, cerbrospinal, and adequeous fluid all require ____ for collection General anesthesia
Before collecting peritoneal and pleural fluid ____ prepare the site and equipment aseptically
__g needle and __ml syringe is the most common used needle for centesis *21g needle *60ml syringe
Needle is introduced into the ____ abdomen ___of the midline __cm caudal to umbilicus for abdominocentesis *ventral *right *1-2cm
Exudate: Thick with wbc's, rbc's, puss
Transudate: clear or staw colored, primarily protein and H20
peripheral blood contamination and recent hemorrhage result in ___ supernatant and __ sediment *clear *red
Recent hemolysis results in ___ supernatant reddish
2 types of Transtracheal/bronchial are: percutaneous or Orotracheal
insertion of needle into trachea through crycothyroid to collect fluid: Percutaneous
Placing ET tube to collect fluid via catheter: Orotracheal
Bronchoalveolar lavage is used to collect sample from the _____ lower respiratory tract
Smear prep for solid masses: Compression, combination, starfish
Fluid sample are collected into ___ tubes *EDTA tubes
___ Smears are similar to a blood smear except the slide in raised ___ through the smear and ___ smears are identical to blood smears *Line smear *3/4 through *Wedge
Preferred fixative for cytology is ______ and should remain in fixative for __min *95% methanol *2-5
Malignancy must meet ___ or more nuclear criteria 3
Primary types of tumors: Epithelial, Mesenchymal, round cell
Epithelial tumor: Aka carcinoma or adeoncarcinoma, highly cellular in clumps
Mesenchymal tumors: Aka sarcoma, less cellular/wispy spindles
Round cell tumors: Histocytoma, lymphoma, mast cell, plasma cell, and melanoma
Neoplastic cells that spread from other body tissues to the lymph nodes: Metastasis
malignant neoplasia of the lymph nodes is known as ___ lymphoma
Gram negative robs are normal flora of the ___ GI tract
The largest cells seen in a vaginal cytology are superficial cells
fully cornified cells are ____ anuclear
vaginal cytology's are a ___ assay ENDOCRINE
Cells with a polygonal shape and smal N:C ratio: Large intermediate
round/oval cell with prominent nuclei small intermediate
RBC's are seen in large numbers during ____ Proestrus
Neutrophils are in large numbers during____and absent during____ *diestrus *estrus
bacteria is seen in every stage of estrous but especially during ___ Estrus
Anestrus cells seen: Parabasal, neutrophils (NO rbc'S)
Cells seen in Proestrus: lrg int, superficail, RBC's and neutrophils
Proestrus can last __ wks 2-3
___ stage is when breeding will occur Estrus
Cells seen in Estrus: anuclear (superficial)minimal Rbc's
cells seen in Diestrus: parabasal, intermediate, abundant debris
Inflammation resulting in a pinkish-milky discharge and large numbers of neutrophils: Vaginitis/Metritis
equipmemt and supplies used for semen should be warmed to ___deg F 98.6
3 portions of ejaculate: sperm free, sperm rich and sperm poor
3 sections of a sperm: head, mid piece, tail
Created by: brit_2112