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Patient Care

ARRT Practice

QuestionAnswer
A vasomotor effect experienced after injection of a contrast agent is characterized by all of the following symptoms except hypotension
Demonstration of which anatomic structures requires ingestion of barium sulfate suspension? (duodenum, pylorus, ilium) not ilium
Which drug is used to treat dysrhythmias? Lidocaine
Examples of COPD include bronchitis, pulmonary emphysema, and asthma
which of the following can be transmitted via infected blood? (HBV, AIDS, or TB) Not TB!!
In which stage of infection do the infective microbes begin to multiply? Incubation period
When performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation on an infant, it is recommended that the number of compressions per minute compared with that for an in adult do what? increase
What is the first treatment for extravasation of contrast apply pressure until bleeding stops
what is the normal diastolic range? 60-80
normal systolic range 110-140
Droplet precautions private room, gowns, gloves, masks. rubella, mumps, flu
airborne precautions private NEG-PRESSURE room, gloves, mask (on either pat. or tech.) TB, rubella, mumps, flu
contact precautions private room, gowns, gloves, masks. C. diff, MRSA, conjunctivitis, Hep. A, varicella
Swan-Ganz catheter IV cath advanced to pulmonary artery. measures pumping ability of heart, obtains pressure readings, and introduces medications & IV fluids
Salem-sump NG gastric decompression tube. radiopaque double lumen tube. one lumen for gastric air compression, other for removal of fluids.
Levin NG gastric decompression tube. single lumen tube used to prevent accumulation of intestinal liquids & gas during & following surgery
a catheter placed in a large vein is called a central venous line. used to deliver frequent meds or nutrition or monitor cardiac pressure
port a cath central venous line. totally implanted access port, permits long term iv treatment
PICC central venous line. peripherally inserted central catheter, permits long term iv treatment
heparin lock intermittent injection port. used for patients who will require frequent or regular injections.
respiratory symptoms with contrast sneezing, hoarseness, wheezing, dyspnea, asthma attack, cyanosis. notify radiologist immediately
side effects of contrast warm flushed feeling, metallic taste, nausea, headache, pain at injection site
adverse reactions to contrast itching, anxiety, rash, hives, vomiting, sneezing, dyspnea, hypotension
cyanosis bluish discoloration of the gums, nailbeds, earlobes, area around the mouth (NOT tongue)
best blood vessels for pulse superficial arteries
another name for congenital clubfoot talipes
order of examinations endoscope, ivu/ivp, BE, UGI
congenital heart condition characterized by a hole in the interventricular septum that allows oxygenated and unoxygenated blood to mix. ventricular septal defect
narrowing or constriction of the aorta coarctation of the aorta
a small hole in the interatrial septum remnant of the fetal foramen ovale atrial septal defect
short fetal blood vessel connecting the aorta and pulmonary artery that usually closes within 10 to 15 hours after birth ductus arteriosus. a patent ductus arteriosus persists and requires surgical closure
the 4 components of the cycle of infection a susceptible host, a reservoir of infection, a pathogenic organism, and a means of transmission
guidelines for cleaning contaminated objects or surfaces clean from least to most contaminated areas, top down,
keep IV meds how many inches above the vein? 18-20
nitroglycerin and verapamil vasodilator, decrease blood pressure, increase blood flow
epinephrine bronchodilator for asthma or severe bronchospasm, vasopressor used to treat an anaphylactic reaction or cardiac arrest
hydrocortisone a steroid that may be used to treat bronchial asthma, allergic reactions, and inflammatory reactions
digitoxin used to treat cardiac fibrillation
average respiration rate adults: (Saia 12-20) (Mosby & corectec 12-16) children: 20-30
lidocaine xylocaine. antiarrhythmic used to prevent or treat cardiac arrhythmias or dysrhythmia
direct contact via contact from skin infections, boils, std's. via droplets from nasal or oral secretions
indirect contact via airborne, fomites, vectors.
"after meals" pc
"three times a day" tid
"four times a day" qid
"every hour" qh
symptoms of shock pallor and weakness, drop in blood pressure, increased pulse, apprehension and restlessness, cool clammy skin. Call physician immediately.
practice that retards the growth of pathogenic bacteria antisepsis
the destruction of pathogenic microorganisms thru hydrogen peroxide, chlorine, boric acid medical asepsis
the removal of all microorganisms and their spores surgical asepsis
a small container holding several doses of medication vial
a small container that usually holds a single dose of medication ampoule
an amount of fluid to be injected bolus
narrow-mouthed container, not likely to be used for medical purposes carafe
what is the proper procedure for turning a disabled patient on an xray table toward you
correct order for basic life support circulation, airway, breathing
first response for CPR Call for help
first response for allergic reaction call for DR
CPR should be started within __-__ minutes to prevent brain damage 1-3 min
what is an "explosive hazard"? Anything that would contaminate the sterile field
first response for profuse bleeding apply direct pressure
first response for swollen iv site clamp off iv
written page or spoken word are which form of communication channel
GFR stands for glomerular filtration rate
BUN levels avg adult:8-25 young adult:7-18
usual iv flow rate 20 drops/min (10-20 range)
wheelchair position to xray table parallel
IV iodinated contrast is contraindicated with an eGFR of 30mL/min/1.73m^2
which position should a head injury patient be kept in? semi-erect
another word for extravasation infiltrated
what is necessary before entering the OR with a portable? portable must be wiped w/disinfectant (no mask, gown, etc)
Dilantin antiepileptic
most and least accurate temperature methods most: rectal least: forehead
average pulse rate adults:(mosby 60) (corectec 70-80) infants:115-130bpm
heparin anticoagulant
demerol: anesthetic or analgesic? analgesic
aminophylline treats asthma
digoxin treats heart failure
how mant chest compressions/min? at least 100
"whenever necessary" prn
gauge diameter size of NEEDLE, not opening size
reaction to contrast that requires treatment laryngeal edema, dyspnea, bronchospasm (not nausea/vomiting)
goiter enlarged thyroid
physical retardation bc of congenital thyroid deficiency cretinism
Created by: ghostrider256mi