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Chapter 3 Vocab

Ms Amadors's AP Psychology Class- Ch 3 Vocab

Chromosome threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain genes
DNA A complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes
Genes The biochemical unites of heredity that make up the chromosomes
Genome The complete instructions for the of an organism, consisting of all the genetic material in its chromosomes
Mutation a random error in gene replication that leads to a change in the sequence of nucleotides
Evolutionary Psychology The study of the evolution of behavior and the mind, using the principles of natural selection
Gender In psychology, the characteristics, whether biologically or socially influenced, by which people define male and female
Behavior Genetics the study of the relative power and limits of genetic influences on behavior
Enviornment Every non-genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the people and things around us
Identical Twins twins who develop from a singele fertilized egg that splits in two, creating two genetically identical twins
Fraternal Twins twins who develop from separate eggs
Temperment a person's characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity
Heritability That proportion of variation among individuals that we can attribute to genes
Interaction the dependence of the effect of one factor
Molecular Genetics the sub field of biology that studies molecular structure and function of genes
Culture the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
Norm an understood rule for accepted and expected behavior. Norms prescribe "Proper" behavior
Personal Space The buffer zone we like to maintain around our bodies
Memes Self-replicating ideas, fashions, and innovations passed from person to person
X Chromosome the sex chromosome found in both men and women. Females have 2; Males have 1.
Y Chromosome Found only in males. When paired with the X sex chromosomefrom the mother, it produces a male child
Testosterone Both males and females have it, but the additional testosterone in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs in fetus and then Puberty
Role a set of expectations about a social position, defining how those in the position ought to behave
Gender Role a set of expected behaviors for males and for females
Gender Identity one's sense of being male or female
Gender Typing the aquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role
Social Learning Theory the theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished
Gender Schema Theory the theory that children learn from their cultures a concept of what it means to be male and female and that they adjust their behavior accordingly
Created by: Surferplaya123
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