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Fracture Names

Names of various fractures, Part II/III Boards, Chiropractic

Fracture of the first metacarpal Bennett's - named after Edward Hallaran Bennett (9 April 1837- 21 June 1907) an Irish surgeon
Fracture of the 2nd or 3rd metacarpal Boxer's
Fracture of the 4th or 5th metacarpal Bar Room
Most commonly fractured carpal bone Scaphoid
Fracture of the proximal ulna Nightstick
proximal ulna fx with radial head displacement Monteggia
fx of the distal 1/3 of the radius w/ dislocation of the distal radioulnar joint. Galeazzi
Fx of the distal radius with posterior displacement of the distal fragment. Colles
fx of the distal radius w/ anterior displacement of the distal fragment Smith's
Fracture of the distal phalanx Bedroom
Stress fracture of the 2nd, 3rd or 4th metatarsals March
Transverse fracture at the proximal fifth metatarsal. Jones
Avulsion fracture of the spinous process, most common is C6-T1. Hyper-flexion injury. Clay Shoveler's
Bilateral pedicle fractures of C2 due to hyper-extension injury. Hangman's
Fractures through the anterior and posterior arches of atlas due to axial compression. Jefferson Burst
Avulsion of the tip of the dens Odontoid Fracture, Type I
Fracture through the base of the dens. Most common/severe. Odontoid Fracture, Type II
Fracture through the body of C2. Odontoid Fracture, Type III
Avulsion of the anterior inferior aspect of the vertebral body. Most common at C2. Associated with acute anterior cervical cord syndrome. Teardrop
Fracture through a growth plate. Salter Harris
Horizontal fracture through the growth plate Type I Salter Harris
Growth plate and metaphysis. Most Common Type II Salter Harris
Growth Plate & Epiphysis Type III Salter Harris
Growth Plate, Metaphysis and Epiphysis Type IV Salter Harris
Compression Deformity of the Growth Plate, Most Severe Type V Salter Harris
Fracture through the pars interarticularis without slippage. Spondylolysis
Slippage of the vertebral body with or without fracture. Spondylolisthesis
Type I/Dysplastic Spondylolisthesis Congenital defect
Type II/Isthmic Spondylolisthesis (most common at L5) Fracture through the pars.
Type III/Degenerative Spondylolisthesis (most common at L4) DJD of the facet joint
Type IV/Traumatic Spondylolisthesis Fracture through the pedicle
Type V Spondylolisthesis is aka Pathological
Tibial apophysitis. Use Cho-Pat brace Osgood Schlatter's
Avulsion of the ischial tuberosity Rider's Bone
Horizontal fracture through a single body and posterior arch. most common at L1-L3 Chance aka Seatbelt
Ipsilateral double vertical fracture of the superior pubic and ischiopubic rami, with SI joint dislocation or fracture. Malgaigne
Fracture of the iliac wing. Duverny - named after Joseph Guichard Duverney (1648-1730), a French surgeon
Superior pubic ramus and ischiopubic junction fractures contra lateral to impact. Bucket Handle
Bilateral double vertical fractures: Superior pubic rami and ischiopubic junctions Straddle Fracture
Created by: Dukowitz