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Critical thinking

Chapter 8

False classification the erroneous assumption that processing the same feature or a common attribute requires that one group can be classified as part of the other group
affirming the consequent the erroneous assumption that a conditional statement's antecedent is true if its consequent
fallacy of division the false assumption that the properties of the whole all necessarily convey to each of its parts
erroneous generalization a faulty conclusion derived from too small a sample or other sampling error
fallacy of composition the erroneous assumption that all properties convey from the parts to the whole
denying the antecedent the conclusion that a conditional statement's consequent is false if the antecedent is false
false cause erroneously assuming that there is a casual connection between two events when there is not
slippery slope the false assumption that discrete events are limked together in some significant way such that initiating the sequence must inevitably result in something bad or unwanted happening some place down the road somewhere
false dilemma the erroneous assumption that a situation affords only two options, both of which are bad
playing with numbers an argument that cites statistics or numbers, but does not provide sufficient information to make a good judgment about the significance of those numerical data
gamblers fallacy the erroneous assumption that randow events are causally connected
false reference the false assumption that all people and all descriptions for particlar objects are interchangable
Created by: 100000311207670