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Merrill's Chapter 3-

Anatomic Relationship Terms

Anterior/ventral Refers to forward or front part of body or forward part of an organ
Posterior/dorsal Reverse to back part of body organ
caudad Refers to the parts away from the head of the body
Inferior Refers two near the feet or situated below
Superior Refers to nearer the head or situated above
Central Refers to middle area or main part of an organ
Peripheral Refers to parts at or near the surface, edge, or outside of another body part
Contralateral Refers to part or parts on the opposite side of body
ipsilateral Refers to part or parts on the same side of the body
Lateral Refers to parts away from the median plane of body or away from the middle of another body part to the right or left
Medial Refers to parts toward the median plane of body or toward the middle of another body part
Deep Refers to parts far from the surface
Superficial Refers to the parts near the skin or surface
Distal Refers to the parts farthest from the point of attachment, point of reference, origin or beginning; away from center in body
Proximal Refers to parts nearer the point of attachment, point of reference, origin, or beginning; tour De said body
External Refers to parts outside an organ or on the outside of body
Internal Refers to parts within or on the inside of an organ
parietal Refers to the wall or lining of the body cavity
Visceral Refers to the covering a organ
dorsum Refers to the top or anterior surface of the foot or to the back or posterior surface of the hand
palmar refers to the palm of the hand
plantar Refers to the sole of the foot
Occlusal plane formed by the biting surface of the upper and lower teeth with jaw closed
interiliac plane transects the pelvis at the top of the iliac crest /4th lumbar.
Created by: 921