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Melissa's cards

Patient Care info

QuestionAnswer
When assisting a patient from the wheelchair to the x-ray table, which side should be positioned closer to the table? The stronger side should be positioned closer to the table. (pg. 17.)
Which type of drug promotes the elimination of urine? Diuretics (pg. 23)
Which type of drug inhibits coughing? Antitussives (pg. 23)
What do drugs called "emetics" do? Induce vomiting (pg. 23)
What is another name for a laxative, or a drug that stimulates defecation? Cathartic (pg. 23)
What are the stages of grieving according to Dr. Elizabeth Kubler-Ross? First is denial or isolation. Second is anger. Third is bargaining. Next is depression followed by acceptance. (pg. 22-23)
What are the needle degrees of angulation for intramuscular, subcutaneous, and intravenous routes of injection? Intramuscular injections require a 90-degree angle. Subcutaneous injections require a 45-degree angle. Intravenous injections require a 15-degree angle. (pg. 23)
What is the most effective method of sterilization? Autoclaving, or using steam under pressure, is the most effective method of sterilization. (pg. 27.
What is hypovolemic shock? This type of shock is related to the loss of large amounts of blood. (pg. 24)
What is neurogenic shock? This type of shock is associated with the pooling of blood in the peripheral vessels. This occurs with trauma to the CNS that results in decreased arterial resistance. (pg. 24)
What are two types of vasogenic shock? Septic shock and anaphylactic shock (pg. 24)
What type of information does JCAHO require in a patient's medical records? All diagnostic and therapeutic orders along with patient identification, medical history, consent forms, and any diagnostic or therapeutic reports must be included in every patient's medical record. (pg. 24)
What is cardiogenic shock? This type of shock is related to cardiac failure and results from interference with heart functions. This shock occurs in cases of cardiac tamponade, pulmonary embolus, or myocardial infarction. (pg. 23-24)
The cycle of infection includes what four factors? A susceptible host, a reservoir of infection, a pathogenic organism, and a means of transmission (pg. 31)
What are two uses for epinephrine or Adrenalin? Treatment of anaphylactic shock or cardiac arrest, called a vasopressor (pg. 33)
What are the average rates of respiration for children and adults? Adults: 12-20/min Children: 20-30/min (pg. 33)
What is the difference between objective data and subjective data? Objective data is information that can be observed. Subjective data is information the patient tells you. (pg. 34)
What are normal ranges for creatinine and BUN? Creatinine: 0.6-1.5mg/100mL BUN: 8-25mg/100mL (pg. 35)
What is the difference in a vial and an ampoule? A vial is a larger container that can hold a number of doses of medication. An ampoule is a small container that holds one dose of medication. These containers contain injectable medications. (pg. 36)
What are the pros and cons of nonionic, water-soluble contrast media? Nonionic, water-soluble contrast media has a history of fewer and less severe allergic reactions than ionic contrast media, but it costs a lot more than ionic contrast media. Nonionic contrast media has low osmolality. (pg. 29)
Created by: mmarnold2