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PT Interventions II

What is pain? Unpleasant sensation and emotional response associated with actual or potential tissue damage
What are nocioceptors? Sensory receptors that detect pain (thermal, chemical, and mechanical). Also lowers the threshold for pain.
What are the signs of inflammation? Redness, Swelling, Tenderness to touch, Lost of function, Increased temperature, Severe Pain
What is the proliferation/fibroblastic repair phase? Fibroblastic cells are laid down in a matrix of collagen fibers and forms scar tissue in a random manner
What is the maturation remodeling phase? Realigning of collagen fibers that make up the scar tissue to the tensile force to which scar is subjected
Why are prolong spasms bad for you? ↑ compression of the blood vessels, leads to ischemia(a new source of pain)
What is peripheral pain modulation? Decrease pain by targeting the peripheral nociceptors
How does ice help with pain? Decrease nerve conduction velocity
What is the pain gate theory? Increase Large A beta fibers input to yield no pain
What is Endogenous Opiate Theory? Neurotransmitters such as enkephalins, endorphins, serotonin, dopamine are released by the body
How is pain signal transmitted? Ascending Pathway
What are proprioceptors? Sensory receptors that detect joint position
What starts the healing process? An injury that is severe enough to cause tissue damage
What is the 3rd stage of healing? Mature remodeling phase
What is the 2nd stage of healing? Proliferation/Fibroblastic repair phase
What is the 1st stage of healing? Inflammatory - response phase
What is the treatment for the inflammation stage? Do not aggravate injured tissue with any motion, control edema, decrease pain, rest
What are the signs and symptoms of the proliferation stage? May still have some tenderness to touch, complaints of pain with movement associated with stressing the damaged tissue (usually only one direction)
What is the treatment for the proliferation stage? Don't do anything to potentially damage the scar tissue, pain free exercises
What is the treatment for the maturation stage? Must add stress (ex or stretch) so scar tissue does not get laid down in a tight manner
Created by: tourodpt14