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CC Fire 53 Quiz 1

Absorption A defensive method of controlling a spill by applying a material that absorbs the spilled chemical.
Acute A quick one-time exposure to a chemical.
Air Monitoring Devices Used to determine oxygen, explosive, or toxic levels of gases in air.
ANFO The acronym that is used for ammonium nitrate fuel oil mixture, which is a common explosive. ANFO was used in the Oklahoma City bombing incident.
Arson The crime of maliciously and intentionally, or recklessly, starting a fire or explosion.
Atmospheric Pressure The pressure exerted by the atmosphere, which for Earth is 14.7 pounds per square inch at sea level.
Automatic Pressure Nozzle Nozzle with a spring mechanism built in that reacts to pressure changes and adjusts the flow and resultant reach of the nozzle.
Axial Load A load passing through the center of the mass of the supporting element, perpendicular to its cross section.
Accelerator A device to speed the operation of the dry pipe valve by detecting the decrease in air pressure. It pipes air pressure below the clapper valve, speeding its opening.
Adapter A device that adapts or changes one type of hose thread to another, allowing connection of two different lines. Adapters have a male end on one side and a female on the other with each side being a different thread type.
Air Purifying Respirators Respiratory protection that filters contaminants out of the air, using filter cartridges. Requires the atmosphere to have sufficient oxygen, in addition to other regulatory requirements.
Aquifer A formation of permeable rock, gravel, or sand holding water or allowing water to flow through it.
Articulating Boom Ladder An apparatus with a series of booms and a platform on the end. It is maneuvered into position by adjusting the various boom sections into place to position the platform at the desired location.
Attack Hose Small- to large-diameter hose used to supply nozzles and other applicators or protective systems for fire attack. Attack hose commonly means handheld hoselines from 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" in diameter.
Auxiliary Appliances Another term for protective devices, particularly sprinkler and standpipe systems.
Air Bill The term used to describe the shipping papers used in air transportation.
Anchor Point A safe location from which to begin line construction on a wildland fire.
Aspect The direction a slope faces given in compass directions.
Awareness Level The basic level of training for emergency response to an incident involving hazmat/WMD's, the basis of which is the firefighters' ability to recognize a hazardous situation, protect themselves and call for trained assistance, and secure the scene.
Backdraft The sudden and explosive ignition of pressurized, superheated, and oxygen-deprived gases (within a closed space) caused by the reintroduction of oxygen.
Beam A structural member subjected to loads perpendicular to its length.
Bight A doubled section of rope, usually made along the standing part, that forms a U-turn in the rope that does not cross itself.
Blister Agents A group of chemical agents that cause blistering and irritation of the skin. Sometimes referred to as vesicants.
Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion Describes the rupture of a container when a confined liquid boils and creates a vapor pressure that exceeds the container's ability to hold it.
Bolt Throw The distance the bolt of a lock travels into the jamb or strike plate. Usually 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches.
Backflow Preventers A check valve or set of valves used to prevent a backflow of water from one system into another.
Bed Ladder The nonextending part of an extension ladder.
Biological Agents Microorganisms that cause disease in humans, plants, and animals; they also cause the victims' health to deteriorate. Biological agents have been designed for warfare purposes.
Blood Agents Chemicals that affect the body's ability to use oxygen. If they prevent the body from using oxygen, fatalities result.
Booster Hose Smaller diameter, flexible, hard-rubber-coated hose of 3/4 or 1 inch size usually mounted on a reel that can be used for small trash and grass fires or overhaul operations after the fire is out.
Balloon Frame A style of wood frame construction in which studs are continuous the full height of a building.
Bulk tank A large transportable tank, comparable to a tote, but considered to be the larger of the two.
Branch The command designation established to maintain span of control over a number of divisions, sectors, or groups.
Created by: 23905196