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RADT 456

ARRT registry review covering Patient Care and Education

QuestionAnswer
Is body temperature usually lower in the early morning or at night? Body temp is usually lowest in the morning. Pg. 24.
What are normal ranges for an adult systolic and diastolic blood pressure? Systolic: 100-140 mm Hg Diastolic: 60-90 mm Hg Pg. 25.
What is the Fowler position? When an individual is recumbent and their head is higher than their feet. Pg. 27.
How far above a patients vein should an IV bag be hung? 18-24 inches above the level of the vein. Pg. 28.
What are the three modes of transmission for microorganisms? Droplet, airborne, and contact. Pg. 38.
What percentage of patients acquire a nosocomial infection while in the hospital? 5 to 15% of patients acquire some type of HAI (Health care-acquired infections). Pg. 40.
What is the most common way microorganisms are spread? Soiled hands and improper hand washing. Pg. 40.
What is blood pressure affected by? Cardiac output, blood volume, and vascular resistance. Pg. 53.
What is the difference between extravasation and inflitration? Extravasation: Medication that has leaked from a vein rupture or has been introduced to the tissue outside the vein. Inflitration: Diffusion of medication further into the tissue. Pg. 56.
Which vein is most commonly used for venipuncture? Antecubital. Pg. 56.
What angle is the needle introduced into the vein? 15 degree angle. Pg. 56.
Name two nasointestinal or nasoenteric tubes. Levin and Salem-Sump tubes. Pg. 56.
Where should a catheter bag be placed when connected to a patient? Below the level of the bladder. Pg. 58.
What are some routes for parenteral use? Any route other than digestive tract. Topical, subcutaneous, intradermal, intravenous, intramuscular, and intrathecal.
A positive (radiopaque) contrast agent refers to what? Contrast agent that have a high atomic number. Barium sulfate, and iodinated contrast. Pg. 61.
A negative (radiolucent) contrast agent refers to what? Air and various gases. Pg. 61.
What is another name for a laxative? Cathartics. Pg. 62.
How long should a patient be NPO for a UGI? The patient needs to be NPO after midnight. At least 8 hours. Pg. 62.
What time frame do reactions usually occur following contrast media injection? 2 to 10 minutes after injection. Pg. 65.
Name some early symptoms of anaphylactic shock? Itching of the palms and soles, wheezing, constriction of throat, hypotension, etc. Pg. 65.
Created by: burton08L