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RADT 456

ARRT Registry Review: PT Care and Education

QuestionAnswer
What are the 5 phases of grieving? Denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance (pg 41)
What is the definition of an advanced directive? A legal document formulated by a competent person that provides written information concerning the patient's desires if the patient is unable to make a decision on his or her own. (pg 42)
Infection acquired in the course of medical care is called what? Nosocomial infections (pg72)
What is a vector? Insects or animals carrying disease (pg 79)
Tuberclerosis is transmitted how? Airborne (pg 83)
The best means of preventing the spread of microorganisms is how? Hand hygiene (hand washing) (pg 86)
Where should you place a used needle and how? Uncapped and into a puncture resistance container (pg 88)
Explain the difference between surgical and medical asepsis. Surgical asepsis is the complete removal of microorganisms and their spores from the surface of an object. Medical asepsis is any practice to help reduce the number and spread of microorganisms. (pg 104)
The average body temperature of an adult is 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. State how axillary and rectal temperatures deviate from this average and by how much. Rectal temperatures will be increased between 0.5 and 1.0 degrees Fahrenheit from the average and axillary temperatures will be decreased by 0.5 to 1.0 degrees Fahrenheit from the average. (pg 124-125)
Name the 5 most common palpable arteries to detect pulse. Carotid, popliteal, temporal, femoral, and radial. (pg 126)
What pulse requires a stethescope? Apical pulse. (pg 129)
What's a sphygmomanometer? Instrument used to measure blood pressure. (pg 130)
Name one high flow oxygen delivery system. Non-breathing mask. (pg 136)
What is hypovolemic shock? Shock that occurs when a patient loses a significant amount of fluids. Loss of fluids may be due to hematoma, vomiting, diarrhea, or severe burns. (pg 154)
What is syncope and how should you position a patient experiencing syncope? Syncope is when a patient experiences symptoms such as dizziness or tunneled vision. Positioning the patient in Trendelenburg returns blood flow to the brain and helps stabilize the patient. (pg 165)
How should a technologist move an extremity with a suspected or obvious fracture? Support the limb above and below the fracture site. (pg 181)
What are some contraindications of using barium sulfate? Perforated bowel or ulcers. Any break in the GI tract may allow the barium to cause peritonitis. (pg 226)
What is the difference between ionic and non-ionic contrast agents? Ionic has more osmolarity. There are more ionic particles per specific volume of contrast in ionic. Ionic contrast may cause more severe allergic reactions. (pg 273)
What are some expected side effects of iodinated contrasts? warmth or flush feeling, nausea or vomiting, headache, pain at the injection site, or a metallic taste in their mouth. (pg 275)
What are 3 different routes that drugs may be administered? Enteral, parenteral, or topical. (pg 279)
Created by: gcniemeier