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Elements and Principles of Art

line (elements) any continuous mark on a page in a specific direction; the notion of direction and movement in a composition
shape (elements) a two dimensional area defined by the closing of a line; a recognizable boundary between values, textures, or space - either geometric or organic
space (element) area in and around an object, either positive or negative
form (element) a three dimensional shape that encloses space and has volume
value (element) the lightness or darkness of an area; value gradation creates illusion of three dimensions on a flat surface
color I.II. (element) character of surface derived from the response of viewing light reflected from the surface
I. tone (element) arrangement of color scheme; involving hue, value, and intensity relationships
II. color wheel (element) circular arrangement of hues based on color theory
texture (element) expresses the tacticle quality of a surface in two dimensions by using other elements; translates difference in smoothness or roughness into a 2D illusion
emphasis (principle) developing point or areas of visual interest;directing the viewers eye - "importance by contrast"
unity/harmony all parts relate to each other, one-ness, uncomplicated sense of cohesion by combining similar elements
variety contrasting values, shapes, or textures for interest and uniqueness offset of harmony
movement shows action by moving the viewers eye toward or away through the piece; using focal points and direction of line
rhythm movement through repetition of any element, alternating values, and patterns
proportion relationship in size of objects or between parts of one object, stress by enlarging, distorting, or exaggerating elements
balance sense of stability, repeating similar shapes; equal weight among shapes. informal/asymmetrical (shapes relating to shape)
Created by: lizhopper2