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Unit 2 geography

Unit 2 Culture

Cultural identity your own sense of your culture (ethnicity)
Material culture visible objects that a group possesses
Adaptation process of adjusting to something
Folklore unwritten literature of a culture
Folk culture lifestyle of a culture (“old ways”)
Ethnocentrism a tendency to view foreign cultures from the perspective of one’s own culture
Cultural core part of culture which is most immediately connected to the physical world
Culture the total knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by the members of a specific group
Innovation taking existing technology and resources and creating something new to meet a need
Diffusion The spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior
Acculturation Process where the culture of one group is modified as the result of contact with another group
Assimilation Process of losing one’s culture to adopt a new one
Dialect versions of a language
Religion consist of a belief in a supernatural power or powers that are regarded as the creators and maintainers of the universe
Monotheism belief in one god
Polytheism belief in more than one god
Judaism Basic laws and teachings come from a holy book called the Torah
Christianity Based on the teachings of Jesus Christ which are recorded in the New Testament
Islam Based on the teachings of Muhammad which are recorded in the Quran
Hinduism Different gods represent an aspect of Brahman, commonly associated with the caste system
Buddhism Promote the correct way of living in order to reach an enlighten spiritual state called nirvana
Language Reflects all aspects of a culture. Allows people within a culture to communicate with each other
Race group of people who are thought to share certain physical characteristics
Monolingual speak one language
Nonmaterial culture culture in which you can not touch or see
Popular culture culture practiced by the majority of people and it can quickly change
Created by: jstraub