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Skinner Definitions

terms and definitions from Skinner's behavior theory

Respondent Behavior Responses made to or elicited by specific environmental stimuli
Reinforcement The act of strengthening a response by adding a reward, thus increasing the likelihood that the response will be repeated
Extinction The process of eliminating a behavior by withholding reinforcement
Operant Behaviors Behaviors, emitted spontaneously or voluntarily, that operate on the environment and change it
Operant Conditioning The procedure by which a change in the consequences of a response will affect the rate at which the response occurs EX: rat pushing a lever and food dropping out-Rat pushes lever more often to get more food
Schedules of Reinforcement Patterns or rates of providing or withholding reinforcers
Successive Approximation An explanation for the acquisition of complex behaviors. Behaviors such as learning to speak, are reinforced only as they come to approximate or approach the final desired behavior
Superstitious Behavior Persistent behaviors that have a coincidental and not a functional relationship to the reinforcement received
Self-Control The ability to exert control over the variables that determine our behavior
Token Economy A behavior-modification technique in which tokens, which can be exchanged for valued objects or privileges, are awarded for desirable behaviors
Behavior Modification A form of therapy that applies the principles of reinforcement to bring about desired behavioral change
Punishment The application of an aversive stimulus following a response in an effort to decrease the likelihood that the response will recur
Negative Reinforcement The strengthening of a response by the removal of an aversive stimulus
Created by: 52205217