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Sport Psych Terms

Confidence Belief that you can successfully perform a desired behavior
Vicarious experiences Demonstration or modeling
Performance accomplishments The strongest and most dependable information on which to base self-efficacy judgments
Self-efficacy The perception’s of one’s ability to perform a task successfully
Self-fulfilling prophecy Expecting something to happen actually helps it to happen
Outcome goals Focusing on competitive results
Performance goals Focusing on achieving some standard
Process goals Focusing on the actions an individual must engage in during performance
Progressive Muscle Relaxation People learn to feel tension in their muscles and then to let go of this tension
Biofeedback Helps people become more aware of their autonomic nervous system reactions and in so doing gain control of these responses
Relaxation Response Teaches you to quiet the mind, concentrate, and reduce muscle tension by focusing attention on a mental device or thought.
Autogenic Training A series of exercises designed to produce two physical sensations: warmth & heaviness
Cognitive-Affective Stress Management Training Teaches a person specific integrated coping responses using relaxation and cognitive components to control arousal
Stress-Inoculation Training Teaches skills for coping with psychological stressors and for enhancing performance by developing productive thoughts, mental images, and self-statements
Symbolic Learning Theory Imagery functions as a coding system (mental blueprint) to help people understand & acquire movement patterns
Psychological Skill Hypothesis Imagery develops and refines mental skills like concentration and confidence
Bioinformational Theory An image contains two main types of statements: response propositions and stimulus propositions
Triple Code Theory An image is a sensation, the act of imagery results in psychophysiological changes in the body, and the image has meaning
Internal Imagery Imagine the execution of a skill from your own perspective
External Imagery View yourself from the perspective of an external observer
Vividness Recreating or creating as closely as possible the actual experiences in your mind as an image
Controllability Manipulating your images so they do what you want them to
Subjective Goal General objectives such as having fun or doing your best
Objective Goal Attaining a specific standard of proficiency on a task, usually in a specified time
Direct Mechanistic Explanation Goals direct attention to important elements of the skill
Broad-Internal Used to analyze and plan (e.g., developing a game plan or strategy)
Narrow-Internal Used to mentally rehearse an upcoming performance
Broad-External Used to rapidly assess a situation
Narrow-External Used to focus exclusively on one or two external cues
Internal Distractor Overanalysis of body mechanics
External Distractor Gamesmanship
Choking An attentional process that leads to impaired performance and the inability to retain control over performance without outside assistance
Self-talk Any self-statement or thought
Reframing Change negative thoughts into positive
Thought Stoppage Using a trigger word to interrupt or stop an undesirable thought
Polarized Thinking Viewing people and things in absolute terms
Kinesthetic sense Sensation of bodily position or movement that arises from the simulation of sensory nerve endings in muscles, joints, and tendons
Psychoneuromuscular Theory Imagery facilitates the learning of motor skills because imagined events innervate the muscles like physical practice of the movement--strengthens neural pathways
Dissociative Attentional Strategy Distracting oneself from a task
Associative Attentional Strategy Monitoring bodily functions and feelings
External Overload A tendency to become confused and overloaded with external stimuli
Cue Word Used to trigger a particular response
Ironic Processing Theory Telling yourself not to focus on something actually leads you to focus on it
Matching Hypothesis An arousal management technique should correspond to a particular anxiety problem
Problem-focused Coping Involves efforts to alter or manage the problem that is causing the stress for the individual involved
Educational Phase The first phase of any PST program
Polysensory Involving all the senses
Performance Epectancy An athlete’s self-efficacy of confidence relative to reaching a range of performance levels
Narrow-Focused Attention The ability to remain task-oriented, to avoid distractions, and to stay focused on a single job
Personalization The assumption that personal worth depends solely on achievement
Created by: 292900431