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MS Disorders

Musculoskeletal Disorders

QuestionAnswer
Torticollis -Spasm and or Tightness of Sternocleidomastoid Muscle with varied Etiology -Side bending towards and Rotation away from the affected SCM. -Meds: Acetaminophen, Muscle relaxants and Or NSAIDs.
Idiopathic Scoliosis Two Types: Structural & Non-Structural
Non-Structural Scoliosis -Reversible Lateral curvature of Spine without a roational component and Straightening as individual flexes the spine
Structural Scoliosis -An Irreversible Lateral curvature of spine with a rotational component
Intervention for Scoliosis - Bracing, Possible Surgery with placement of Harrington Rod Instrumentation ----Less than 25 Deg ---> conservative Physical therapy ---Between 25- 45 deg---> Use Spinal Orthoses ---45 deg or greater---> Surgery
What is a SLAP lesion? Tearing of Superior gelnoid labrum from posterior to anterior.
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome? Compression of neurovascular bundle in thoracic outlet between bony and soft tissue structures (brachial plexus, subclavian artery & vein, vagus & Phrenic nerve and sympathetic trunk)
Common areas of compression in TOS? Superior thoracic outlet, Scalene triangle, between clavicle and 1st rib, between pectoralis minor and thoracic wall.
Acromioclavicular and Sternoclavicular Joint Disorders Mechanism of Injury: Fall on to shoulder with UE ADD or collision with another invidividual during a sport
Paget's disease Etiology: largely Unknown- Linked to a type of viral infection- also some environmental factors!---------metabolic disease that involves osteoclastic and osteoblastic activity!---- May result in spinal stenosis, facet arthropathy, and spinal fracture
Myositis Ossificans Abnormal Calcification within muscle belly- Painful condition--------::Direct Trauma, results in hematoma & calcification------Early mobilization and stretching with aggressive PT following trauma to Muscle--Frqnt location-->biceps brachii,brachialis,quad
Bursitis Inflammation of Bursa secondary to overuse, trauma, gout and infection
Signs and Sxs of Bursitis: Pain with rest, PROM, AROM limited due to pain but not in caps pattern
Created by: Jenz