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AP Psychology: Memory

Short Term Memory Activated memory that holds a few items briefly.
Long Term Memory The relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system.
Sensory Memory The immediate, brief recording of sensory information in the memory system.
Automatic Processing Unconscious encoding of incidental information.
Effortful Processing Encoding that requires attention and conscious effort.
Rehearsal The conscious repetition of information.
Imagery Mental pictures; a powerful aid to effortful processing, especially when combined with semantic coding.
Chunking Organizing items into familiar manageable units.
Mnemonics Memory aids, especially those techniques that use vivid imagery and organizational devices.
Iconic Memory A momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli.
Echoic Memory A momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli.
Amnesia The loss of memory.
Implicit Memory Retention independent of conscious recollection.
Explicit Memory Memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and declare.
Hippocampus A neural center that is located in the limbic system and helps process explicit memories for storage.
Recall A measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier.
Recognition A measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned.
Déjà vu The eerie sense that “I have experienced this before.” Cues from current situation may trigger retrieval of an earlier experience.
Misinformation Effect Incorporating misleading information into ones memory of an event.
Acoustic Codes Represent information as sequence of sounds.
Visual Codes Represent stimuli as pictures
Semantic Codes Represent an experience by its general meaning.
Encoding The first stages of memory process where information is put into memory codes.
Storage The 2nd step in memory process which refers to the maintenance of information over time.
Retrieval The 3rd step in memory process which finds information stored in memory and brings it to consciousness.
Episodic Memory Memory of any even one was present at.
Semantic Memory Memory of general knowledge one was not present at.
Procedural Memory Memory of how to do things. (Ex: Ride a bike)
Transfer-Appropriate Processing Theory suggests that the critical determinant of memory is how the encoding process matches up with what is ultimately retrieved.
Created by: jgroves2007