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CADD 1 -Architecture

Architectural Floor Plans & Site Plans

Term/UnitDefinition
Floor Plan Horizontal Section used to room arrangements. Most Important drawing in a set of Architectural drawings.
Working Floor Plan Contains all the necessary information for the contractor.
Elevation Also known as "Facade", a vertical projection of the structure that defines the structural form and architectural style of the building.
Site Plan Shows the property lines and how the house is placed on the property.
Typical Wall Section Reveals the Structural details of the building.
3 things every Architectural Design should have? Function, Structure, & Aesthetics (beauty)
4 Basic types of Architectural drawings? Floor Plan, Elevation, Site Plan, Wall Section
3 Main Areas of a Residential Floor Plan? Living, Sleeping, and Service
Gable Roof Most common of the roof styles because of it's adaptability
Trusses Configurations of structural materials that add strength to the roof of a house.
1/4" = 1'-0" Standard Scale for Residential Plans
1/8" = 1'-0" Standard Scale for Commercial Plans
1" = 20'-0" Standard Scale for a Site Plan
3'-0" Standard Width of an Exterior Door
7'-0" Standard Height of an Exterior Door
6'-8" Standard Height of an Interior Door
2'-8" Standard Width of a Bedroom Door
2'-6" Standard Width of a bathroom door.
3 Zones used in municipalities (cities)? Residential, Commercial, Industrial
Ordinance Zoning Law
Setback Zoning law that restricts the distance permitted from any building to the property line.
Survey Shows the exact size, shape, and levels of a piece of property.
Pitch Rise and Run of a roof to determine it's slope.
Benchmark A point of known origin used a reference in determining other points in a survey.
Civil Engineering Field most generally associated with maps and surveys.
Cut Amount of dirt removed to change the contour of a piece of land.
Fill Amount of dirt added to change the contour of a piece of land.
Meridian True North South Reference Line
Bearing angle measured from the Meridian towards the East or West.
Treads and Risers 2 Main parts of a stair.
Acre Unit for measuring land, 1 acre = 43,560 sq. ft.
Specifications Detailed written instructions that accompany a set of architectural plans.
American System of Surveying Uses surveyor's angles measured in degrees, minutes, & seconds from North & South.
Orthographic Projection Methods of representation are also used in Architectural Drawings.
T-Foundation Type of foundation that provides for crawl space (18" min.) under the house.
Eave Detail Sectional drawing that shows the overhang, roof pitch, trusses, etc.
Roof Pitch Identifies the slope of the roof.
Created by: tmurphy
 

 



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